Is honor still important for Lithuanians?

Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Anglų kalba / English
Is honor still important for Lithuanians?
In the Journal:
Lituanus. 2016, vol. 62, no. 1, p. 23-39, 91-92
Žodžių daryba. Žodžio dalys / Word formation. Parts of a word.
Summary / Abstract:

ENHonor as a moral value has become the object of multi-faceted analysis in present-day scholarship. Sociologists, historians, psychologists, and linguists are taking an interest in the concept of honor and in the place honor has within a value system. Honor has occupied an important place in the value system of Lithuanians from time immemorial. Popular websites and personal blogs write about, and discuss honor. These sources do not consider honor from a scientific viewpoint, but they help us to understand what honor is to the people of today, to observe how the concept has changed, and how new aspects of it have arisen. Current cognitive methods allow us to construct the value system not only of separate individuals but also of society as a whole through analysis of the concepts of individual words. Etymologists consider the word "garbė" (honor) to be derivative. They assert that it has preserved its Proto-Indo-European meaning quite well. The analysis of this word allows us to take a look at the world view of Lithuanians, through which those who use the language create their cultural and social identity. It also lets us examine one element of a value system - honor. One can arrive at a semantic description (cognitive definition) of the word "garbė" (honor) by analyzing ancient texts, lexicographic sources, contemporary discourses, and questionnaires completed by young people.It is a feeling of self-worth and responsibility, when a person feels that he is appreciated for his life, for his deeds, and it is a good name, earned in society by good and unselfish deeds, by virtuous behavior and a virtuous life, by a high level of morality, by conscientiousness, by justice, by keeping one's word, by respect and care for others, by sacrifice for one's country, for an idea, for the good of other people, by patriotism and heroism. This definition is very important for current linguistics because it provides a linguistic and cultural portrait of an object, as representatives of a particular language / culture see it. It also shows which qualities of the object are fixed in language, which characteristics form the basis of these qualities and which subjective and cultural factors influence the appearance of the particular visual structure of that object. [From the publication]

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2019-12-18 16:01:20
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