Romėniško laikotarpio emaliuota segė iš viduramžių kapinyno Paūdronyse

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Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Title:
Romėniško laikotarpio emaliuota segė iš viduramžių kapinyno Paūdronyse
Alternative Title:
Roman period enamel brooch from the medieval burial ground in Paūdronys
In the Journal:
Lituanistica. 2017, Nr. 1, p. 29-37
Keywords:
LT
Emaliuota segė; Senasis geležies amžius; Romėniškas laikotarpis; Viduramžiai; Laidosena; Paūdronių kapinynas; Pietryčių Lietuva.
EN
Enamel brooch; Old Iron Age; Roman period; Middle Ages; Burial customs; Paūdronys burial ground; Southeast Lithuania.
Summary / Abstract:

LTŠiame straipsnyje skelbiama informacija apie XIV a. pabaiga – XV a. datuojamame Paūdronių kapinyne, esančiame Vilniaus apskrityje, Šalčininkų rajono Turgelių seniūnijoje, rastą pasaginę emaliuotą segę. Ji aptikta 2012 m. archeologinių tyrimų metu kapinyno kape Nr. 18, kuriame palaidotas vyresnis nei 20 metų amžiaus asmuo, veikiausiai moteris. Straipsnyje pateikiami detalūs duomenys apie šios segės tipologiją, chronologiją, keliamos versijos, kaip II a. antrąja puse datuota segė galėjo atsidurti viduramžių kapinyno kape. [Iš leidinio]

ENThe paper provides information on a horseshoe-shaped enamel brooch dated to the B2/C1 stage (around AD 150–200), which was found in the Paūdronys burial ground dating back to the late fourteenth–fifteenth century and situated in Turgeliai eldership of the Šalčininkai district, the county of Vilnius. It was discovered in the course of the archaeological research of 2012 in grave No. 18 (Fig. 1–2), which belongs to a person older than 20 years of age and most likely a woman. The upper part of the bow of the brooch features a vertical rectangle with its interior filled with red enamel. Both terminals of the brooch are broadened and round; they feature ornaments in the shape of little crosses with rounded terminals; they are also filled with red enamel. The remains of an iron pin were found next to the brooch. The body of the brooch is made of a multicomponential copper alloy: copper (Cu, 74.874%), zinc (Zn, 7.562%), tin (Sn, 6.857%), lead (Pb, 9.766%), and iron (Fe, 0.941%). The pin is made of iron (Fe, 82.685%) blended with copper (Cu, 13.073%), zinc (Zn, 3.921%), and a very small amount of tin (Sn, 0.321%). No exact equivalents for the brooch of Paūdronys have been found on the territory of Lithuania.Similar brooches were discovered in certain localities of Lithuania and a wide area that stretches from Masuria (Poland) to the Middle Dnieper region (Ukraine). From a chronological and typological perspective, the horseshoe-shaped enamel brooches from Central Lithuania (brooches from the burial grounds of Marvelė and Sargėnai and the brooch accidentally found in Rumšiškės) are akin to the brooch of Paūdronys. The Roman period brooch was found in Paūdronys in an especially unusual place – a grave of a medieval burial ground dating to the fourteenth–fifteenth century. This piece of jewellery, which had been made and used in the first centuries AD, was most likely lost and eventually found in the Middle Ages when it was fitted for secondary use, thus unexpectedly extending its wearing tradition. [From the publication]

ISSN:
0235-716X; 2424-4716
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https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/63586
Updated:
2019-01-05 13:11:54
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