Burbiškio dvaro XIX a. interjero dekoras: atradimai ir išsaugojimas

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Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Burbiškio dvaro XIX a. interjero dekoras: atradimai ir išsaugojimas
Alternative Title:
19th century interior décor of the Burbiškis manor: discoveries and preservation
In the Journal:
Acta Academiae Artium Vilnensis [AAAV]. 2015, t. 77/78, p. 135-155. Dailės ir architektūros paveldas: tyrimai, išsaugojimo problemos ir lūkesčiai
Burbiškio dvaras (Anykščių r.); Interjeras; Sienų tapyba; Popieriniai sienų apmušalai; Restauravimas.
Burbiškis manor (Anykščiai district),; Interior; Wall painting; Wallpaper; Restoration.
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnyje pateikiama 2011–2013 m. vykdytų Burbiškio dvaro (Anykščių r.) polichromijos tyrimų ir sienų tapybos restauravimo darbų apžvalga. Pristatoma tyrimų metu rasta XIX a. vidurio dekoratyvi tapyba ir popierinių sienų apmušalų pavyzdžiai. Detaliai apžvelgiama atliktų restauravimo darbų problematika, tapybos išsaugojimui naudoti sprendimo būdai bei restauravimo metodai. [Iš leidinio]

ENThe Burbiškis manor (Anykščiai district) was built in 1853. The function of the building changed several times. In the first half of the 20th century, the manor housed a church and a school. After World War II, a village school operated in the building, and its interior suffered great damage due to repairs and neglect; the ceiling and the walls were repainted several times. Although quite many details of interior furnishing-tile stoves, fireplaces, wooden doors and parquet flooring-survived in the manor, there was no information about mural paintings. In 2011, a thorough polychromatic analysis revealed authentic mural paintings from the middle of the 19th century. It became obvious that during the primary stage the interior was decorated with mural paintings and wallpapers. One of the grand halls on the ground floor was furnished in the style of chinoiserie, and Chinese-style figurative compositions modelled after a wallpaper design created by the Zuber & Cie company in 1842 were painted on the ceiling. Rosettes painted in the grisaille technique, stencil ornaments, Historicist-style dome with trompe l’oeil panting and rusticated staircase walls were also found in the manor. One of the most impressive wallpapers created in the 19th century, representing the landscapes of different continents, was discovered for the first time in Lithuania. Historical photographs helped identify the so-called Eldorado wallpaper created by Eugene Ehrmann and Georges Zipelius in 1848, widely famous in the entire world and distinguished by the excellence of execution. The Zuber & Cie manufacture that has been operating from the 18th century until our days continues to produce this wallpaper in exactly the same form as in the 19th century.In 2012–2013, the mural paintings were restored, and the research work is continued. In the article, the mural painting restoration process in each room is described in great detail. Due to the extremely bad condition of the ceiling the conservators had to solve the complex problems of securing loose plaster, uncovering and conserving mural paintings, and to perform the artistic tasks of painting retouching and décor reconstruction. [From the publication]

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2018-12-17 14:03:35