"Двум смертям не бывать, а одной не миновать": Sovijaus sakmė ir jos paralelės rytų slavų folklore

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Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Rusų kalba / Russian
"Двум смертям не бывать, а одной не миновать": Sovijaus sakmė ir jos paralelės rytų slavų folklore
Alternative Title:
Tale of Sovius and its parallels in East Slavic folklore
In the Journal:
Lituanistica. 2015, Nr. 4, p. 274-294
Reikšminiai žodžiai: 1262 m. chronografas; Sovijaus sakmė; Siužetas; Epinė herojinė daina apie Potyką; Metraštinis kunig. Olgos kerštas; Chronograph of 1262; Tale of Sovius; Narrative; Storyline; Epic song about the hero Mikhail Potyk; Duchess Olga’s revenge.
Epinė herojinė daina apie Potyką; Mokslo šaltiniai / Sources of science; Sovijaus sakmė.
Summary / Abstract:

ENThe Tale of Sovius, which forms the basis of the 18th chapter of the Chronograph of 1262, raises questions about its own origin – oral or translated-written. It is sensible to carry out the discussion among folklorists and medievalists which sometimes resembles a dispute, on the basis of comparative textology. In order to substantiate the authenticity of the text and its folkloric features, it is useful to describe as many storyline parallels as possible. The view of Jiří Polívka’s Prague Geographical-Historical School encourages us first of all to survey the region of North-Eastern Europe. In East Slavic folklore we can find two texts comparable to the Tale of Sovius. They are both closely interconnected. One of them is attested in the 12th century annals “The Tale of Bygone Years” (records depicting the events of 945–946), but it derives from an older collection of annals (Nachal’nyi Svod) dating back to the ninth decade of the 11th century. This collection is made of elementary folklore storylines traditionally called “Duchess Olga’s Revenge on Drevlians for Her Husband’s Murder.” The other text is an epic song about the hero Mikhail Potyk. A comparative analysis of the bylina and the narrative in the annals shows that East Slavs once had a related work of a similar structure and semantics. The fact that the folklore work was recorded in the annals reveals an important circumstance – the narrative was so well-known and relevant that after it had penetrated into a literary medium, it had a significant impact on the formation of the historiographical genre in Kievan Rus’ and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.The narrative, widespread in the East Slavic territory, related a story about the character’s encounter with an antagonist (possessing characteristics of a witch or some other mythical being) who tried three times in a row to get rid of the character: the character is buried into the earth, cremated and killed/buried on a tree. These parallels of the Sovius storyline, which are to be studied in East Slavic folklore and old historiography, support the folkloric character of the tale. [From the publication]

0235-716X; 2424-4716
Related Publications:
Lietuvių ir prūsų pagonybė: alkai, žyniai, stabai / Rimantas Balsys. Klaipėda : Klaipėdos universiteto leidykla, 2015. 240 p.
2020-03-05 18:25:26
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