Sovietų saugumo padėtis Lietuvos SSR 1944-1953 m.

Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Knygos dalis / Part of the book
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Sovietų saugumo padėtis Lietuvos SSR 1944-1953 m
Alternative Title:
Situation of Soviet security service in soviet Lithuania in 1944–1953
Sovietizacija; Ideologija; Politika, saugumo.
Sovietisation; Ideology; Security service.
Summary / Abstract:

ENDuring the Stalinist period state security was part of the system both from the administrative and ideological points of view. The NKGB (from 1946, the MGB) were subordinate to the highest party leadership, while the latter constantly increased its influence on the security agencies. Although Lithuania was on the periphery of the Soviet Union, here some specific processes were taking place. The Soviet Lithuanian leaders had to obey Moscow and its representatives’ dictate. Soviet security besides its direct leaders depended upon the party heads. The question to which party chain it had to obey remains. The Lubyanka prison superintendants’ orders concerned mostly the issue of operative activities and coordinated activities in various combinations against foreign intelligence agencies. The LCP(b) CK received information about the situation in the republic from the chekists, while party committees were to coordinate the activities of the corresponding branch of the Soviet security agencies. They were also to be governed also through the local party organisations inside the security agencies. There was also the nomenklatura system in the USSR. Every higher official had to be approved for his post by the party committees; the chekists were no exception. The Central Committee of the party had to approve some security officials who were on the nomenklatura lists. Security workers who compromised themselves also lost their party membership and jobs by the decision of the party committees. Those processes took place but the question remains to what extent the LCP(b) strove to actively participate in them.Another leverage the party exercised on security could have been the choice of national cadres for work in the NKGB/MGB structures. The Moscow leadership encouraged and hampered this process at the same time. A school was founded in Vilnius for this purpose. However, the LCP(b) did not demonstrate initiative and was not active on this issue, most probably it evade the responsibility. The strength of local communist party committees or security agencies was testified by the fact how conflicting situations between them were solved. It can be claimed that references about Soviet Lithuanian officials written by checkists in many cases did not harm their careers (especially party). Most probably Moscow needed local communists more than security agents for speedier Sovietisation processes in the country. Mostly economic issues were dealt with between the NKGB/MGB and other Soviet institutions (e.g. the Council of Ministers of Soviet Lithuania). Common activities show the common interests of all Soviet institutions. The suppression of the armed resistance, the encouragement of repatriations of Lithuanians from the West in the post-war years could be instances of cooperation. Both the party and security agencies agreed upon common goals, only sometimes means of achieving them differed. [From the publication]

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2018-06-22 13:42:45
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