Dokumentus reiškiantys žodžiai administracinėje kalboje

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Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Dokumentus reiškiantys žodžiai administracinėje kalboje
Alternative Title:
Words denoting documents in the administrative language
In the Journal:
Bendrinė kalba [Standard Language]. 2015, 88, p. 1-14
Administracinė kalba; Dokumentas; Dokumento rūšis; Žodžio reikšmė.
Administrative language; Document; Document type; Word meaning.
Summary / Abstract:

ENThe word dokumentas ("document"), originating from Latin, is entrenched in the Lithuanian language. It is the most frequent international word in the Lithuanian language especially relevant to the administrative language. The aim of the article is – after discussing the conception of the word dokumentas and possible classifications of the object denoted by this word – to identify the formation and origin of words denoting documents and to explain problematic instances of use. Lithuanian dictionaries provide two meanings of the word dokumentas: 1. a paper informing on or approving something; 2. a material object (a paper, drawing, photograph, film, file, etc.) holding pieces of some information. In the administrative language, dokumentas usually refers to the meaning characteristic to the phrase oficialusis dokumentas ("official document") – "a written confirmation of the activity of a natural or legal person prepared or obtained by an authorised institution or person". Different types of documents emerge in the development of certain required regulation procedures; therefore, there is no final nomenclature of documents, and unified classification of documents also does not exist. More than half of names of document types mostly comprise nouns derived from verbs, particularly derivatives with the suffix -imas (-ymas), as well as verbal nouns derived by other ways of word-formation (derivatives of inflections and other suffixes). Quite a few documents are named by international words. Regardless of the broad meaning of a document given in dictionaries, one should not grant it to every noun denoting abstract phenomena, or refer by this name to documents attached to related legal acts (e. g. dydžiai ("quantities"), įkainis ("valuation"), kriterijai ("criteria"), normos ("norms"), sąlygos ("conditions")).In such cases, it is recommended to form a combination of words: if the activity is extensively regulated, one might use words aprašas ("description"), sąvadas ("collection") (e. g. kriterijų aprašas, sąlygų sąvadas); if the regulated subjects are merely listed, combinations of words should be formed using only the word sąrašas ("list") (e. g. dydžių sąrašas, įkainių sąrašas). [From the publication]

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2021-03-10 10:21:29
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