Nuotykiai, kančia ir propaganda: Antrasis pasaulinis karas sovietmečio lietuvių prozoje vaikams

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Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Title:
Nuotykiai, kančia ir propaganda: Antrasis pasaulinis karas sovietmečio lietuvių prozoje vaikams
Alternative Title:
Adventure, suffering, and propaganda: World War II in Soviet Lithuanian children’s prose
In the Journal:
Žmogus ir žodis [Man and the Word]. 2015, 2, p. 39-53
Keywords:
LT
Antrasis pasaulinis karas; Heroizmas; Ideologija; Lietuvių vaikų literatūra; Propaganda; Sovietmečio literatūra; Tema.
EN
Heroism; Ideology; Lithuanian Soviet literature; Lithuanian childrens literature; Propaganda; Second World War; Theme; World War II.
Summary / Abstract:

LTKaro tema vaikų literatūroje yra problemiška dėl poveikio adresato psichikai bei ideologinių manipuliacijų. Straipsnyje aiškinamasi, kaip lietuvių proza vaikams pasakojo apie Antrąjį pasaulinį karą, kurį Lietuva išgyveno valdoma Vokietijos, o tekstai radosi sovietinėje okupacijoje. Remiantis Liūnės Janušytės, Mykolo Sluckio, Vytauto Petkevičiaus, Vytauto Bubnio ir kt. kūriniais teigiama, kad pokariu būta žaismės ir nuotykių, ilgainiui akcentuotos vaiko kančios, tačiau ryškiausiai kurtas propagandinis heroizmas. [Iš leidinio]

ENThe subject of war in children’s literature is problematic because of its impact on the addressee’s mentality and of adults’ ideological manipulations. The article examines the representation of World War II in Soviet Lithuanian children’s prose, i.e. in the texts about the years under German occupation written during the Soviet occupation. Most of the literary works about the war addressed to the young adult reader were dominated by male protagonists. The analysis of short stories and long-short stories by Liūnė Janušytė, Mykolas Sluckis, Jonas Dovydaitis, Vytautas Petkevičius, Vytautas Bubnys, Vladas Dautartas and Emilija Liegutė from the late 1940s to 1990s reveals a strongly ideologized interpretation of World War II as a battlefield between major powers with Lithuanians stuck in-between. The positive characters support the Soviet troops, always depicted as kind, friendly, and understanding, while the Germans are caricatured or shown as extremely brutal. The post-war narrative contained elements of adventure and playfulness; later literature more and more focused on children’s sufferings (disabled families, orphans, death, and etc.) and criticized the very phenomenon of war. However, propagandistic heroism remained the principal attribute; literature praised children’s courage and active involvement in the war. The exception was a collection of short stories by Icchokas Meras "The Yellow Patch" (1960) that presented the main character (a Jewish boy) not as a hero but as a victim of war. [From the publication]

ISSN:
1392-8600; 1822-7805
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https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/58410
Updated:
2018-12-17 14:00:40
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