Istorinė Lietuvos kryždirbystės tradicijos raida (XIX-XX a.)

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Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Istorinė Lietuvos kryždirbystės tradicijos raida (XIX-XX a.)
Alternative Title:
Historical development of cross-making tradition in Lithuania (19th and 20th centuries)
In the Journal:
Kultūrologija [Culturology]. 2002, t. 9, p. 374-394, 470-471
Reikšminiai žodžiai: Kontekstas; Kryždirbystė; Kultūra; Pasipriešinimas; Sakrali erdvė; Tautinis; Tradicija; Context; Cross; Cross-crafting; Culture; National; Resistance; Sacral space; Tradicion; Tradition.
Kontekstas; Kryždirbystė; Kultūra / Culture; Sakrali erdvė; Tautinis; Tradicija; 20 amžius iki 1914; 19 amžius.
Context; Cross; National; Sacral space; Tradicion; Tradition.
Summary / Abstract:

ENThe tradition of cross-making of the 19th and 20th centuries is influenced by religion and natural ethnological-cultural context. These factors determined the particularity of cross-making development subject to historical changes: 1.19th century - the period of tsarist Russia: the high rise of tradition stimulated by a natural context of rural culture, and the rise of national economy (from the second half of the 19th century), which influenced the possibilities of new material application and the appearance of high-qualily work tools. The tradition was impeded by the Russian political suppression. 2.1900 to 1940 - the period of Independent Republic. The rise of tradition was actuated by the popularization of national culture and the development of national economy. The tradition was partially prevented by the system of creating individual farmsteads in villages. 3.1945 to 1990 - the period of Soviet occupation: the decadence of tradition. This process stimulated massive destruction of villages, cemeteries and crosses as a result of atheistic ideology, post-war victimization and collectivization. 4.1990 to 2000 - the period of Independence: the renaissance of tradition. The restoration of wood carvings and the creation of new monuments were considered to be the manifestation of national character. [From the publication]

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