Kaip tirti antrosios kalbos įsisavinimą: skerspjūvio metodas

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Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Title:
Kaip tirti antrosios kalbos įsisavinimą: skerspjūvio metodas
Alternative Title:
How to study second language acquisition: a cross-sectional method
In the Journal:
Taikomoji kalbotyra. 2015, 7, p. 1-21
Keywords:
LT
Antrosios kalbos įsisavinimas; Kalbos tyrimų metodika; Lietuvių K2; Natūralus antrosios kalbos įsisavinimas; Psicholingvistika; Sociolingvistika; Spontaninė kalba.
EN
Language research method; Lithuanian L2; Natural second language acquisition; Psycholinguistics; Second language acquisition; Sociolinguistics; Spontaneous speech.
Summary / Abstract:

LTLietuvių kalba kaip svetimoji užsieniečiams komunikaciniais tikslais Lietuvoje dėstoma jau nuo Nepriklausomybės, tačiau nuoseklių ir išsamių tyrimų apie jos įsisavinimo raidą nėra. Straipsnyje pristatomas metodas, kuriuo naudojantis buvo renkami spontaninės lietuvių kaip antrosios kalbos įsisavinimo duomenys. Metodas remiasi skerspjūvio principu, kai duomenys renkami iš nelabai didelio kiekio skirtingų įsisavinimo lygių kalbėtojų, kurių kalbos raida vėliau analizuojama ir stengiamasi atrasti įsisavinimo principus bei nustatyti skirtingų morfologinių elementų įsisavinimo seką. Straipsnyje aprašomi pagrindiniai principai, kurių reikia laikytis renkant spontaninės kalbos medžiagą. Taip pat specialiai atliktam tyrimui apie lietuvių kalbą pritaikytos užduotys, kurios leidžia geriau palyginti skirtingus kalbėtojus. Šis metodas sudarytas remiantis įvairiais Europoje atliktais antrosios kalbos tyrimais. [Iš leidinio]

ENThis paper describes a cross-sectional method, which is employed when conducting research on acquisition of Lithuanian as a second language. This is one of the most optimal methods to study the process of language acquisition in adults, since it does not demand a long-term commitment on the part of the studied subjects. On the basis of the method, a specific research protocol has been designed in the framework of various second language acquisition research projects conducted in Europe. One of its advantages is that language data can be collected in a fairly small group (10-30 people) of learners of different acquisition levels. The data collected in this way is later analysed and compared between learners in order to determine the acquisitional sequence and other aspects of interest. The main corpus for this study is constituted by language data collected during a semi-structured (socio)linguistic interview, which is a free talk with a participant, who is encouraged to talk. The talk includes some specific questions. During the interview, not only the language data but also some important information about other relevant sociolinguistic factors is collected, such as age, period of stay in the country, language attitudes and motivation. To be able to better compare the participants and to study specific linguistic aspects that might fail to appear in spontaneous speech, all the participants are given the same additional tasks. The tasks described in this paper are of different types: film retelling, storytelling according to a sequence of pictures, describing two similar pictures and indicating differences between them, giving a recipe and repeating sentences. Different competences are required in these tasks but most attention is given to language production. The paper also offers some practical advice and observations based on the study.The specific study where the method was applied for Lithuanian aims at researching the development of acquisition of Lithuanian with the focus on the development of the verb system. The data collected in this manner could be used to study other aspects of language acquisition as well. [From the publication]

ISSN:
2029-8935
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Permalink:
https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/57436
Updated:
2021-03-25 14:17:01
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