Jurgis Baltrušaitis ir menotyra tarpukario Lietuvoje

Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Jurgis Baltrušaitis ir menotyra tarpukario Lietuvoje
Alternative Title:
Jurgis Baltrušaitis and research of art history in Lithuania during the interwar period
In the Journal:
Česlovo Milošo skaitymai. 2012, 5, p. 53-60. Genius loci – asmenybė ir kūryba kaip erdvės vaizdinys
Dailėtyra; Ignas Šlapelis; Jurgis Baltrušaitis; Kazimieras Jasėnas; Menotyra; Tarpukaris Kaune; Visuotinė dailės istorija; Visuotinė meno istorija; Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas.
Art research; Art studies; General History of Art; Ignas Šlapelis; Interwar period in Kaunas; Jurgis Baltrušaitis; Kazimieras Jasėnas; Vytautas Magnus University.
Summary / Abstract:

ENThis paper analyses the famous art historian Jurgis Baltrušaitis, educational, scientific and cultural activity period in Lithuania (1933–1939). The aim of the article is to analyse in detail Baltrušaitis’ pedagogical activity at Vytautas Magnus University and to evaluate his contribution to the interwar Lithuanian art research history. Although Baltrušaitis in Lithuania is not a forgotten personality, however, adequate attention to this period of his activity and its evaluation has not been given. This research expanded information about his pedagogical work at Vytautas Magnus University. It was found out that in the period of 1933–1939 his course "General History of Art" was devoted for the students of History department, General history group. He taught on art history from prehistoric period till 16th century and took a very wide geographical area. This famous art researcher discussed each period of art history in a very detailed and comprehensive way. He has never digressed from his scientific interest field. It is assumed that in this case he was passing interests of Lithuanian youth needs, because they have not even hadv the basis of art history. "General History of Art", written by Baltrušaitis, was prepared on his lectures basis and published in two volumes in 1934 and 1939. This course book is a unique example of formalistic art research principles in Lithuanian interwar period. The book appeared in a context which clearly lacked elementary publications about Western European art history. The book of Ignas Šlapelis "Outlines on Art History", published in 1930, or three volumes of Kazimieras Jasėnas’ book "General History of Art", published in period of 1923–1938, only partially upheld the needs of the persons who were interested in art history. The book of Šlapelis was written in a popular style, without references, citation and other scientific indications. It was devoted for "educators from.In the three volumes, written by Jasėnas, it was a lack of professional evaluation of art objects. The author was often criticized as an art amateur who lacks professionalism. On the contrary, the book of Baltrušaitis for some of his contemporaries seemed too scientific. The famous art historian summed up his scientific research in this book. Professionally applied formalistic analysis method, which Baltrušaitis learned in German and French schools of art research, is a unique example of the study of this kind in Lithuanian art history discourse. To the question whether we think that Baltrušaitis is a local genius, perhaps we should respond positively. Lithuanian art research space was too narrow for this person who intellectually grew up in Western European culture, and his word had not appropriate conditions to be developed and properly assessed. [From the publication]

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2021-03-30 19:06:00
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