Liudytojo sąvoka Lietuvos ir kitų užsienio valstybių baudžiamajame procese

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Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Title:
Liudytojo sąvoka Lietuvos ir kitų užsienio valstybių baudžiamajame procese
Alternative Title:
Definition of witness in Lithuanian and foreign criminal procedure
In the Journal:
Jurisprudencija [Jurisprudence]. 2004, Nr. 51 (43), p. 99-107
Keywords:
LT
Baudžiamasis procesas; Liudytojas; Parodymai.
EN
Criminal procedure; Testimony; Witness.
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnyje nagrinėjami baudžiamojo proceso veiklos dalyvio - liudytojo sąvokos elementai. Įvertinant tai, jog mokslinėje literatūroje šiam proceso dalyviui neskirta deramo dėmesio, liudytojo esmės suvokimo problema yra aktuali dėl keleto priežasčių. Jas lemia šio dalyvio racionalaus teisių bei pareigų įgyvendinimo, jo apsaugos mechanizmo veikimo bei potencialo liudyti byloje užtikrinimo problemos, šiuo straipsniu siekiama atkreipti dėmesį į tai , kad tik tinkamai suvokus liudytojo sąvoką, jo esmę galima tikėtis šio asmens, kaip nepakeičiamo dalyvio baudžiamojoje byloje, egzistavimo. Objektyviųjų bei subjektyviųjų liudytojo sąvokos kriterijų išskyrimas lemia konstruktyvų šio dalyvio procesinio aktyvo, kaip jo sampratos dalies, supratimą. [Iš leidinio]

ENThis article contains the analysis of the participant of criminal procedural activity - witness definition. Evaluation of witness' definition is very urgent, because there is not enough attention in the scientific literature for this problem. This field has an importance and topicality for several reasons. Firstly, the urgent thing is rational realization of witnesses’ rights and duties. The second is the effect of the protection mechanism and the problems of the realization of giving the testimony potential. That is why this article is directed to give an attention to the apprehension of essence of witness definition, in order to have this participant as irreplaceable one in the criminal procedure thereof. The separation of system of objective and subjective aspects of witness definition determines constructive apprehension of this participant's procedural asset. One of the most famous cases in Strasbourg Court practice was Kostovski vs. Netherlands. The main statement in this case was made by the Court: "A statement by a witness is understood to be his statement, made in the investigation at the trial, of facts or circumstances which he himself has seen or experienced." And this reflects both sides of witness potential in order to testify: objective (its outside expression) and subjective inside expression). Having analyzed the essential factors, the author made the following conclusions: - determination of the witness definition has close connection with the legal status of this participant, the protection mechanism of his rights and freedoms, substantive and procedural legal responsibility; - analyzing international practice and case-law, the definition of witness is only given by nonobligatory nature international instruments.Therefore, those definitions are alike the models of general nature. That is why Contracting States have to set the limits of the present definition in accordance with the provisions and practice in domestic law; - the Code of Criminal Procedure of the Republic of Lithuania constrains only the legal basis for summoning the witnesses. In contrary with the practice of foreign countries, the Code of Criminal Procedure of the Republic of Lithuania does not consider the objective and subjective aspects of the witness definition and this is not a positive feature. It is necessary specify these aspects, because of this will be the main step going towards the optimal participation of witnesses in criminal procedural activity. [Text from author]

ISSN:
1392-6195; 2029-2058
Subject:
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https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/43019
Updated:
2018-12-17 11:29:20
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