Prieigos prie archyvų dokumentų patirtys

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Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Prieigos prie archyvų dokumentų patirtys
Alternative Title:
Experiences of access to documents in archives
In the Journal:
Knygotyra. 2012, t. 59, p. 180-204
Archyvai; Dokumentai; Dokumentas; Informacija; Prieiga; Ribojimas; Ribota prieiga.
Access; Archives; Documents; Dokuments; Information; Limitation; Limited Access; Records; Restriction.
Summary / Abstract:

LTŽinios apie prieigos prie dokumentų galimybes leidžia geriau suvokti prieigos prie dokumentų sampratą ir jos problematiką. XIX–XX amžiaus archyvai atvėrė savo duris ir pradėjo dalintis sukaupta informacija su visuomene. XXI amžius be technologinių iššūkių paveldėjo ir XX a. antrosios pusės prieigos praktiką, kuri daugelyje šalių yra reglamentuota archyvų srities teisės aktais. Straipsnyje siekiama aptarti prieigos prie dokumentų raidą ir prieigos praktiką pastaraisiais dešimtmečiais. Skirtingos šalių tradicijos ir praktika, taip pat tų šalių teisinė sistema suformuoja gana didelę prieigos prie dokumentų, saugomų archyvuose, sąlygų įvairovę, kurią būtina žinoti norint vienoje ar kitoje šalyje tyrinėti dokumentus. [Iš leidinio]

ENKnowing the possibilities of access to records allows to better grasp the conception of access to records itself and its development for many centuries. As early as in the 4th c. B.C., in Athens, it was possible to familiarize with documents preserved at a repository. Later on, such a practice was forgotten for centuries, and only at the end of the 18th c. A.D. access to records was enforced. In the 19th–20th centuries, archives opened their doors and started sharing the accumulated information with the public. The beginning of the 21st c. has inherited not only the technological challenges, but also the practice of access of the second half of the 20th c., which in many countries is regulated by the archival legislation. The article deals with the development of access to records and the practice of access in the last decades. Various traditions and practices in different countries, as well as their legal systems provide different conditions of access to records preserved at repositories; it is important to know them in order to study records in a certain country. In the second half of the 20th c. the terms of access have been liberalized; they remain unchanged also in the 21st c., only the number of the countries that have established an open access to records or an open access after the records have been transferred to archives differs. However, in some countries, there remain restrictions of access to records, reaching 30 or even 70 years. [From the publication]

0204-2061; 2345-0053
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2018-12-17 13:20:38
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