Panemunėlio kalba prieš 100 metų ir dabar

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Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Knygos dalis / Part of the book
Language:
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Title:
Panemunėlio kalba prieš 100 metų ir dabar
Alternative Title:
Panemunėlis dialect 100 years ago and now
In the Book:
Panemunėlis. D. 2 / vyriausiasis redaktorius Venantas Mačiekus. Vilnius: Versmė, 2011. P. 1301-1331, 1595. (Lietuvos valsčiai ; kn. 22)
Keywords:
LT
Bendrinė lietuvių kalba; Dialektologija; Fonetika; Lietuvių kalba; Panemunėlio šnekta; Rytų aukštaičiai uteniškiai; Sociolingvistika; Tarmė.
EN
Dialect; Dialectology; East High Lithuanian dialect of Utena; Lithuanian; Panemunėlis dialect; Phonetics; Sociolinguistics; Standard Lithuanian.
Summary / Abstract:

LTPateikiama Kleopo Jurgelionio straipsnio, parašyto prieš 100 metų apie Panemunėlio šnektą, apžvalga, aktualizuojami svarbiausi jo pastebėjimai, nes nurodoma pastabų apie dabartinę šnektos būklę: tuo tikslu remiamasi 2001 m. „Versmės“ leidyklos organizuotos ekspedicijos metu surinktais garso įrašais, lauko stebėjimais. Lyginant vyresniųjų pateikėjų kalbą su jaunesniųjų kalba, daroma sociolingvistinių įžvalgų dėl fonetinių reiškinių kitimo greičio ir krypties. Prieduose įdėtas didelis pluoštas transkribuotų tarmės tekstų, taip pat Kleopo Jurgelionio straipsnio fotokopija. [Iš leidinio]

ENAn overview of an article on Panemunėlis sub-dialect authored by Kleopas Jurgelionis 100 years ago is presented and the most important observations of Kleopas Jurgelionis are actualized, because comments on the current status of the sub-dialect are provided based on audio records and field observations collected during an expedition organized by Versmė Publishing House in 2001. The dialect of senior informants is compared to that of junior ones to make sociolinguistic insights into the speed and direction of change of phonetic phenomena. Having compared facts of the article Panemunėlio Tarmės Fonetika (Eng. Phonetics of Panemunėlis Dialect) authored by Kleopas Jurgelionis 100 years ago and observations of the author with the current texts provided in Annex 1 to the present Article, conclusions are drawn regarding the development of the phonetic dialect processes. Annexes include a considerable collection of transcribed dialect texts and a copy of the article by Kleopas Jurgelionis. Analysis of the dialect of younger informants discloses that in recent decades the dialect is acquiring lots of features of the official language, thus very fast processes of the dialect loosing its distinctness take place.The most significant changes have taken place in the use of the diphthong un, which is resounded as an in the official language: younger informants have fully stopped using this type dialect forms, they also get less numerous in the dialect of older ones. The vowel u, which is resounded as a in the official language, is also becoming extinct. This may be caused by the ability of the dialect speaking population to notice these differences between their dialect and the official language and make effort to eliminate them. Articulation features of the dialect which are not perceived as different from the official language by the dialect speaking population, e.g., less tense о and ė, are still distinct. Changes in sounds noticed back 100 years ago keep taking place, e.g., ie, and especially uo, resounded as [a], [e] in unstressed syllables, phonetically very slowly migrate back to the initial sounds ie, uo. [From the publication]

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Updated:
2020-05-25 19:15:26
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