Pranciškonų pradžia Lietuvoje XIII-XV amžiuje

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Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Title:
Pranciškonų pradžia Lietuvoje XIII-XV amžiuje
Alternative Title:
Beginning of the Franciscan order in Lithuania in the 13th-15th centuries
In the Journal:
Lietuvių katalikų mokslo akademijos metraštis [LKMA metraštis]. 2012, t. 36, p. 15-24
Keywords:
LT
Bernardinai; Gediminas, 1275-1341; Jogaila; Kankinys; Konventas; Lietuvos Didžioji Kunigaikštystė (Lietuva; LDK; Grand Duchy of Lithuania; GDL); Lietuvos krikštas; Mažesnieji broliai; Mindaugas, ? -1263; Pranciškonai konventualai; Pranciškonai observantai; Pranciškonų ordino įkūrimas; Vienuolynas; Vilniaus konventas; Vytautas Didysis, 1350-1430 (Vytautas the Great); Šv. Bernardinas Sienietis; Šv. Pranciškus Asyžietis.
EN
Bernardines; Christianization of Lithuania; Convent; Conventual Franciscans; Founding of the Franciscan Order; Friars Minor; Gediminas; Jogaila; Martyr; Monastery; Observant Franciscans; St Bernardine of Siena; St Francis of Assisi; Vilnius convent.
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnyje1 apžvelgiama Mažesniuju broliu kurimosi istorija ir ju atvykimo i Lietuv¹ aplinkybes. Aptariama pirmuju pranciškonu veikla Lietuvoje, pasakojama apie pranciškonu kankinius Vilniuje. Supažindinama su ordino isitvirtinimo Lietuvoje XV a. istorija. Pristatomas pirmuju konventu kurimasis Lietuvos Didžiojoje Kunigaikštysteje - Vilniuje, Lydoje, Ašmenoje, Kaune, Drohièine, Pinske - ir ju veikla. [Iš leidinio]

ENThe article analyzes the circumstances of the founding of the Franciscan Order in Lithuania. Disclosing the rapid growth of the only in the 13th c. created order it becomes more understandable that the appearance and establishment of the Franciscans at the time of King Mindaugas in Lithuania were not a coincidence. The article suggests that the plain mentions of the Franciscan brothers, existing in the lists of the witnesses' documents issued by Mindaugas, can be valued as footprints of their missionary activities. From the data presented in the article one can see that the Franciscans settled for stable life in Lithuania from the first half of the 14th c. The most important center of the Franciscan's activities was the Vilnius convent. The activities of the Vilnius convent expanded after the baptism of Lithuania when there did not remain any formal obstacles for them to carry out their pastoral care activities, to form brotherhoods, to be missionaries among the Orthodox. A comparison of the activities of both families of the Franciscan Order - the conventuals and observants (Bernardines) - allows one to support the already observed phenomenon: until the very arrival of the Jesuits in Lithuania among the other missionary orders active in Lithuania the Franciscans were the most significant in the initial Christianization of Lithuania. The role of the diocesan and monastery priests in the Christianization of Lithuania in the 14t h-! 6th c. could become the object of future scholarly discussion. [From the publication]

ISSN:
1392-0502
Related Publications:
Religinių objektų Lietuvoje geografinių vietų analizė / Darius Liutikas. Geografijos metraštis 2014, 47, p. 103-117.
Permalink:
https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/36777
Updated:
2022-01-17 13:15:52
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