Infrastruktūros šakų pertvarka, konkurencijos įgyvendinimas

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Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Title:
Infrastruktūros šakų pertvarka, konkurencijos įgyvendinimas
Alternative Title:
Restructuring and introduction of competition in the infrastructure industries
In the Journal:
Ekonomika. 2000, t. 50, p. 114-128
Keywords:
LT
Dereguliavimas; Infrastruktūros pramonės; Infrastruktūros šakų pertvarka; Konkurencija; Restruktūrizacija ir privatizavimas; Įgyvendinimas.
EN
Competition; Deregulation; Infrastructure industries; Introduction; Restructuring and privatisation; Restructuring in infrastructure.
Summary / Abstract:

LTInfrastruktūros šakos (energetika, telekomunikacijos, transportas, ilgai laikytos natūraliomis monopolijomis, per pastarąjį dešimtmetį imtos restruktūrizuoti, atskiriant konkurencinius elementus ir monopolines sritis. Tokią infrastruktūros šakų pertvarką, liberalizuojant rinką, įteisintą Europos Sąjungos (ES) direktyvomis, būtina diegti ir Lietuvoje, nusprendusioje suderinti savo teisinę sistemą su ES reikalavimais. Šio straipsnio tikslas – išanalizuoti infrastruktūros šalių pertvarkymo priežastis, ištirti konkurencijos įgyvendinimo būdus, aptarti konkrečių šakų problemas, taip pat išnagrinėti, kaip pertvarkomos (ar nepertvarkomos) Lietuvos infrastruktūros šakos, kaip jose diegiama konkurencija. [Iš leidinio]

ENInfrastructure industries (energy sector, telecommunications, transport) for a long time were treated as natural monopolies, mostly owned and regulated by the Government. Recent developments in many countries around the world: deregulation, restructuring and privatisation of the infrastructure industries have shown possibilities to separate competitive and monopoly segments of these industries and introduce competition as also private ownership in the competitive activities. For example, electricity sector was restructured into generation, transmission, distribution and supply activities, and competition as also private capital were introduced in generation and supply of electricity. Lithuanian infrastructure industries were vertically integrated state owned (or with some minor private capital share) monopolies until 2000, despite many plans, projects and promises to restructure these industries. Only now, in the year 2000, the Government launched a plan to restructure electricity, gas and railway industries and attract some private investments. The article deals with the analysis of the recent developments in restructuring of the infrastructure industries abroad, it analyses various plans for the restructuring of the Lithuanian electricity, gas and other monopolies and touches some possible future developments. [From the publication]

ISSN:
1392-1258; 2424-6166
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Permalink:
https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/35921
Updated:
2018-12-17 10:46:24
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