Tarpininko kyšininkavimas ir jo kvalifikavimo klausimai

Direct Link:
Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Title:
Tarpininko kyšininkavimas ir jo kvalifikavimo klausimai
Alternative Title:
Bribery of an intermediary and qualifying cases thereof
In the Journal:
Jurisprudencija [Jurisprudence]. 2004, Nr. 60 (52), p. 96-103
Keywords:
LT
Baudžiamoji atsakomybė; Kyšininkavimas; Tarpininko kyšininkavimas.
EN
Bribery; Bribery of an intermediary; Bribery of intermediary; Criminal liabiity.
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnyje nagrinėjama tarpininko kyšininkavimo nusikalstamos veikos kriminalizavimo aktualumo klausimas 2000 m. Lietuvos Respublikos baudžiamajame kodekse, aktualūs šios veikos sudėties požymiai, probleminiai kvalifikavimo aspektai teismų praktikoje, pateikiama pavyzdžių iš baudžiamųjų bylų ir jų teorinis vertinimas. Kadangi įstatymo konstrukcija gana nauja, tarpininko kyšininkavimo klausimai baudžiamosios teisės teorijoje iki šiol nagrinėti labai mažai. Įsigaliojus naujam Lietuvos Respublikos baudžiamajam kodeksui, numatančiam tarpininko kyšininkavimo sudėtį, stengiamasi užpildyti šią spragą pateikiant teorinių samprotavimų ir analizuojant besiklostančią teismų praktiką. Straipsnyje pateikiamas tarpininko kyšininkavimo normos vertinimas, santykis su kyšininkavimo sudėtimi, aptariami praktiniu požiūriu aktualūs tarpininko kyšininkavimo ir sukčiavimo sudėčių atribojimo klausimai. [Iš leidinio]

ENThe article deals with the bribery of an intermediary, which is a criminal act under the Criminal Code of the Republic of Lithuania. The act of bribery of an intermediary presents a new approach towards the problem of corruption. The Criminal Law Convention on Corruption draws a contemporary as well as a compulsory example of criminalization, which has to be followed by the Parties to the Convention. [...] As the official commentary to the Convention points out, the aim of such a provision is to tackle corruption of persons who are in the neighbourhood of power and try to obtain advantages from their situation. Following the wording provided by the Convention, the Lithuanian lawmaker has drafted a provision related to the so-called bribery of an intermediary, Article No. 226 of the Criminal Code, 2000. While the provision is rather new and unconventional for the Lithuanian Criminal Law, few theoretical studies have been conducted and no official explanations have been provided. Nonetheless, law enforcement agencies encounter with facts of trading in influence and take steps to prosecute them. The author of the study presents arguments in favour of the lawmaker and supports the introduction of the provision on the bribery via an intermediary, and on the other hand raises questions on the necessity to present conditions for such a provision. The article includes relevant issues pertaining to differences between bribery and bribery of an intermediary by drawing the comparison of the so-called object of a criminal infringement.The author analyses the provision provided for in Article No. 226 and discloses important elements of the corpus of the crime such as bribe and significant features to it (e.g. nature of the advantage to be considered as a bribe), influence and the promise to exert influence on persons or institutions favoured by the bribe-giver. The author presents definitions of the concept mentioned above and discloses their legal significance in criminal cases. The important part of the study is the analysis of criminal cases of bribery of an intermediary and the qualification of offenders’ acts. The author supports the arguments for and against the qualification and presents some valuable suggestions. The important standpoint is related to the question of differentiating crimes of bribery of an intermediary and fraud. As long as the construction of bribery via an intermediary encloses some aspects of fraud, it is essential every time to estimate the will of the intermediary to act or fail to act in favour of the bribe giver in return for a bribe simply grabbing the advantage. The author points out the need of establishing the nature of the offender’s perception while committing a criminal act. [From the publication]

ISSN:
1392-6195; 2029-2058
Subject:
Related Publications:
Permalink:
https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/33959
Updated:
2018-12-17 11:25:59
Metrics:
Views: 90    Downloads: 13
Export: