Antanas Tamošaitis - pirmasis profesionalus tautinio kostiumo kūrėjas

Direct Link:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Antanas Tamošaitis - pirmasis profesionalus tautinio kostiumo kūrėjas
Alternative Title:
Antanas Tamošaitis - the first professional creator of national costume
In the Journal:
Menotyra. 2010, t. 17, Nr. 1, p. 65-81
Antanas Tamošaitis; Tautinis kostiumas; Liaudies drabužiai.
Antanas Tamošaitis; National costume; Folk clothing.
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnio objektas – dailininko Antano T amošaičio veikla tarpukario Lietuvoje kuriant pirmuosius regioninius lietuvių tautinius kostiumus. Siekiama ištirti istorines šios veiklos aplinkybes ir sąlygas, nustatyti A. Tamošaičio darbo metodus ir įvertinti sukurto kostiumo modelio santykį su autentiškais liaudies drabužiais. [Iš leidinio]

ENIn the second half of the 1930s, Antanas T amošaitis was the first to create a finished theoretical and practical model of Lithuanian regional national costumes. He typified the clothing of individually determined ethnographic regions, identified component parts of a standard costume, and reconstructed several female costumes from each of the regions. After the publishing of the book by Antanas T amošaitis and the birth of professional costume business, the gap dividing Lithuania from the neighbouring Baltic and Scandinavian countries in respect of the production and wearing practice of national costumes decreased substantially. The task to create costumes took shape within the framework of the Chamber of Agriculture. The aims posed by this organisation as well as available resources largely determined a somewhat amateur scientific research work; however, it enabled the development of a smooth production of costumes and their rapid popularisation. Although the main objectives of the artist while interpreting folk clothing were related to costume precision as well as national identity, the balance among such requirements was sometimes hard to maintain. In order to achieve the traditionally interpreted national identity, Antanas T amošaitis often corrected authentic examples by rejecting factory-made fabrics as well as all features revealing foreign influences, and decorating clothes with a non-typically abundant amount of geometrical ornaments. The costume model produced from exclusively local handmade fabric was easy to make for the craftswomen trained by the Chamber of Agriculture. Moreover, the costume established itself easily during the 1930s and remained popular throughout the post-war years. [From the publication]

1392-1002; 2424-4708
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2018-12-20 23:27:19
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