Studentų dvasingumo ir sveikatingumo sąsajos

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Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Studentų dvasingumo ir sveikatingumo sąsajos
Alternative Title:
Relationship between spirituality and wellness in a sample of university students
In the Journal:
International journal of psychology: a biopsychosocial approach [Tarptautinis psichologijos žurnalas: biopsichosocialinis požiūris]. 2008, Nr. 2, p. 9-28
LDB Open.
Dvasingumas; Nedalomojo Aš sveikatingumo modelis; Sveikatingumas
Spirituality; The Indivisible Self: An Evidence – Based Model of Wellness; Wellness
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnyje analizuojamos studentų kasdieninės dvasinės patirties ir sveikatai palankaus gyvenimo būdo sąsajos, aptariamos dvasingumo ir sveikatingumo sąvokos, pristatomas Nedalomojo Aš penkių faktorių sveikatingumo modelis. Metodai. Empirinei dvasingumo ir sveikatingumo ryšių analizei, naudojant kasdieninės dvasinės patirties skalę (DSES, Underwood, Teresi, 2002) ir penkių faktorių sveikatingumo klausimyną (5F-WEL, Myers, Sweeney, 2005), ištirti 136 Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto 1-2 kurso studentai. Rezultatai, išvados. Rezultatai rodo, kad studentiškame amžiuje vyrų dvasingumo rodikliai yra žemesni nei moterų, tačiau tiek vyrų, tiek moterų grupėse dvasingumas buvo reikšmingai teigiamai susijęs su sveikatai palankiu gyvenimo būdu. Vyrų grupėje aukštesnis dvasingumas buvo susijęs su geresniu bendro sveikatingumo vertinimu bei vertybinio sveikatingumo komponento vertinimu. Moterų grupėje didesnis dvasingumas buvo susijęs su geresniu bendro sveikatingumo, taip pat aukštesniu kūrybiškumo, atsparumo, vertybinio ir fizinės sveikatos sveikatingumo komponentų vertinimais [Iš leidinio]

ENThere is substantial literature that relates spirituality to a better mental and physical health (Hill, Pargament, 2003). However, the nature of this relationship is not clear enough. This study examines the relationship between students’ spirituality and their wellness. Wellness is conceptualized as a way of life, oriented toward optimal health and well-being in which body, mind, and spirit are integrated by the individual to live life more fully within the human and natural community (Myers, Sweeney, 2005). This definition describes wellness as an indicator of a health oriented lifestyle. Because as many as two thirds of all premature deaths are due to lifestyle factors (Myers et al. 2000), the analysis of students’ lifestyles could help to understand the way spirituality is related to better health. The study sample consisted of 136 first and second year bachelor students at Vytautas Magnus University: 55 (40.4%) were males and 81 (59.6%) were females. Religion was identified by 113 (83.1%) students; most of the students described themselves as Christians (92.5%). For assessment of wellness, the Five Factor Wellness Inventory (5F-WEL, Myers, Sweeney, 2005) was used. 5F-WEL is based on the Indivisible self model of wellness (Hattie, et al. 2004). For assessment of spirituality, the daily spiritual experience scale (DSES, Underwood, Teresi, 2002) was used. The results showed that male students had reported lower spirituality levels compared to female students.Males and females differed in wellness profiles; females scored higher on the essential self and social self scales. Although some gender differences were observed, spirituality was significantly related to a general wellness in both males and females. Multiple regression analysis confirmed a significant, although not strong, relationship between spirituality and wellness. Daily spiritual experience explained about 18% of the variance of general wellness. In the male students’ sample, spirituality was related to higher evaluation on the Essential Self scale, which represents the values and beliefs component of wellness. In the female students’ sample, spirituality was related to a higher evaluation of creative Self, Coping Self, Essential self and Physical Self. These findings indicate that females who have more daily spiritual experience paid more attention to their physical health issues (physical activity and diet), were more creative and active, were more resilient to stress, had stronger gender and cultural identity, and positive self care. This study indicated that spirituality had a significant positive impact on health oriented lifestyles of students. [From the publication]

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2018-12-17 12:21:59
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