"Jeigu valgai rekvizitą, miegi su masuote": kino gamybos darbuotojų tradicijos ir prietarai Lietuvoje

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Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
"Jeigu valgai rekvizitą, miegi su masuote": kino gamybos darbuotojų tradicijos ir prietarai Lietuvoje
Alternative Title:
"If you eat props, you sleep with extras": traditions and superstitions among film production workers in Lithuania
In the Journal:
Res humanitariae. 2023, t. 31, p. 213-234
Kultūros paveldas / Cultural heritage; Kinas / Cinema.
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnyje pristatomos XX a. vidurio – XXI a. pradžios kino gamybos darbuotojų tradicijos ir prietarai Lietuvoje. Remiantis autorės lauko tyrimo medžiaga, surinkta 2020–2021 m., paaiškėjo, kad didžioji dalis tradicijų yra perduotos arba perimtos iš kitų šalių kino industrijos ir jos darbuotojų. Tyrimo duomenys rodo, kokiais filmavimo aikštelėje atliekamais simboliniais veiksmais paminima projekto pradžia, sėkmingas projekto įgyvendinimas ar pažymima jau įgyvendinta jo dalis. Kino gamybos darbuotojų socialinių ryšių stiprinimas išreiškiamas dovanų teikimo ar atskirų grupelių susikurtomis tradicijomis. Prietarai, paplitę tarp kino gamybos darbuotojų, dažniausiai skirti sėkmei privilioti, baimei ir nerimui, susijusiems su projektu arba su tuo, ko nenorima, kad įvyktų, išvengti. Pagrindiniai žodžiai: kino gamybos darbuotojai, Lietuvos kino industrija, tradicijos, prietarai. [Iš leidinio]

ENThe article presents mid-20th and early 21st-century traditions and superstitions among film production workers in Lithuania. The purpose of the article is to determine what traditions and superstitions are common among film production workers in Lithuania. To achieve the goal, the following tasks were set: 1) to review the research by other authors on this topic; 2) to distinguish the most common traditions among film production workers; 3) to present the superstitions of film production workers. The main source for the article is ethnographic field data collected in 2021 and 2022 by the author’s prepared questionnaire ‘Film Production Workers in the Mid-20th and Early 21st Century in Lithuania’. The qualitative method and semi-structured interview were used for collecting data. During this period, 120 interviews were conducted with film production workers. To present a general view of the selected professional group, informants were chosen from various departments in film production (camera, make-up, art, costumes, lighting, sound, etc). The author’s work experience in film production provided all the opportunities to observe while participating. Observations were carried out while participating in the production processes of five films and television series, including both the preparation and filming stages, and also by participating in events in the community of cinema workers: parties at the beginning, middle and end of films, premières, and festivals. Descriptive and interpretive methods were chosen to analyse the collected material. The togetherness and interrelationships of members of the community of film production workers are strengthened and maintained through collective participation in traditions, rituals and daily practices that brighten up the work routine and provide an opportunity to hang out with, please, or surprise each other.All the traditions typical of Lithuanian film production workers presented came from the Soviet era (plate breaking, crew photographs, ‘one hundred in a film slate’), or after the restoration of independence (giving gifts), when film production in Lithuania attracted the attention of foreign creators. Traditions in the Lithuanian film community are intertwined, mixed with the traditions of film production workers from other countries, and have become more international than local. The community of Lithuanian film production workers does not have traditions unique to them, and some are created and nurtured only by individuals (for example, the director of photography Ramūnas Greičius smoking cigars) or departments (for example, the costume department eating cake on Fridays). It has been noticed that the younger generation do not invent ‘new’ traditions or rituals, and often abandon the traditions cherished by previous workers, concentrating only on making the film. Some of those responsible for making the film purposefully avoid traditions and other staff practices in order to save precious filming time. Superstitions in Lithuanian film production are divided into general (intended for all workers, e.g. not to eat prop food), departmental (make-up, costumes, etc), and individual superstitions. Furthermore, superstitions are very often related to work tools, job specifics, or personal beliefs. Superstitions among employees have turned into rules for some (not to do certain actions in order to avoid ‘punishment’), help for others (to avoid fear and anxiety), and guarantors of success (to attract success). Key words: film production workers, Lithuanian film industry, traditions, superstitions. [From the publication]

1822-7708; 2538-922X
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2023-12-27 19:28:59
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