Poland’s last king and English culture : Stanisław August Poniatowski, 1732-1798

Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Knyga / Book
Anglų kalba / English
Poland’s last king and English culture: Stanisław August Poniatowski, 1732-1798
Publication Data:
Oxford : Clarendon Press, 2008.
xix, 376 p
Oxford historical monographs
Bibliografija ir rodyklė.
List of Illustrations — A Note on Pronunciation — Glossary — Abbreviations — Genealogical Table — Map — Introduction — Sarmatia and England — The Enlightenment and England — The Education of an Enlightened Anglophile — The Influence of Sir Charles Hanbury Williams — Stanislaw's Visit to England in 1754 — The Contacts of Stanislaw and his Circle with the English World after 1754 — The English Constitution and the First Efforts to Reform the Commonwealth (1763-1768) — Stanislaw August and English Literature — Stanislaw August and English Art — Sapere Aude — 'Less Showy Means': From the Confederacy of Bar to the Four Year Seym — The Influence of the English Constitution on the Constitution of 3 May 1791 — Conclusion — Bibliography Index.
1791 m. gegužės 3 d. konstitucija; Abiejų Tautų Respublika; Anglija; Anglijos kultūra; Anglofilija; Anglų kultūra; Apšvieta; Austrija; Gegužės 3 konstitucija; Karalius; Lenkija; Lenkijos ir Lietuvos valstybė; Prūsija; Rusija; Stanislovas Augustas Poniatovskis; Valstybės reformos; XVIII a. istorija.
Anglophilia; Austria; Constitution of 3 May; Constitution of May 3, 1971; England; English culture; Enlightenment; King; Poland; Polish and Lithuanian Commonwealth; Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth; Prussia; Russia; Stanislaw August Poniatowski; State Reforms; XVIII c. history.
Summary / Abstract:

LTThe attempt by Stanislaw August Poniatowski (1764-95) 'to create anew the Polish world' was one of the most audacious enterprises of reform undertaken by any enlightened monarch in the eighteenth century. None started in less promising circumstances. Politically the King was trapped between aRussian protectorate and a nobility wedded to its anarchic liberty. The beginnings of the Polish Enlightenment had yet to make more than ripples on the stagnant waters of Polish culture. Yet by 1791, Poland-Lithuania had made a huge cultural advance, and had given herself a constitution admiredacross Europe. Tragically for Poland, her neighbours then destroyed much of these achievements and partitioned the country out of existence. Stanislaw August died in exile, cursed by most of his compatriots to this day. In Poland's Last King', Richard Butterwick reassesses the achievement of Poland's last and most controversial king. He shows how Stanislaw's radical plans for reform of Poland's constitution and culture were profoundly influenced by his love of England, and examines the successes and limitations ofthe Polish Enlightenment.

2020-09-23 16:36:26
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