Šventės atvaizdai humanistinėje ir šiuolaikinėje Lietuvos fotografijoje

Direct Link:
Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Title:
Šventės atvaizdai humanistinėje ir šiuolaikinėje Lietuvos fotografijoje
Alternative Title:
Images of feasts in Lithuanian humanist and contemporary photography
In the Journal:
Acta Academiae Artium Vilnensis [AAAV]. 2020, t. 99, p. 185-205. Fotografija: tarpininkės vaidmenys kultūroje = Photography: its roles as an intermediary in culture
Keywords:
LT
Ugnius Gelguda. Žalgiris (instaliacija); Fotografija / Photography; Kultūrinis identitetas / Cultural identitity.
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnyje analizuojama Ugniaus Gelgudos audiovizualinė instaliacija Žalgiris. Šis kūrinys lyginamas su Lietuvos fotografijos mokyklos pavyzdžiais, siekiant atskleisti skirtingą šventės motyvų vaidmenį formuojant tautiškumo mitą fotografijoje. Teigiama, kad Žalgiryje šventės motyvas padeda provokuoti refleksyvų požiūrį į tautos susikūrimo mitą ir jį aktualizuoti šiuolaikinio meno forma, o Lietuvos fotografijos mokykla su šventiniais ritualais sietą tautinį identitetą parodė kaip „natūralią“, savaime egzistuojančią duotybę.Reikšminiai žodžiai: Šventiniai ritualai; Fotografija; Tautiškumo raiška; Fotografai; Ugnius Gelguda. Žalgiris (instaliacija); Contemporary photography; Expression of national identity; Festive rituals; Photographs.

ENIn Lithuanian photography, the motif of the feast has been prominent for quite several decades. Already in the interwar period, photography that idealized the reality of that time and captured its festive side contributed to establishing national identity and the idea of the national state. The depiction of feasts also played an important role in the Lithuanian humanist school of photography since the 1960s till the early 1980s. The aspiration to preserve national identity continued to influence individual creative intentions of the representatives of the Lithuanian school of photography, despite the fact that in the Soviet times, photography (at least officially) had lost this purpose in the public field. In his photography-based audiovisual installation Žalgiris, Ugnius Gelguda blends the motifs of the feast and national identity in a contemporary artwork. Referring to the cultural anthropologist Victor Turner, we could assert that in his work, Gelguda shows the communion experienced by the participants of a ritual of post-industrial society – a concert – and reveals the potential of formation of a subcultural community. Meanwhile, the title of the work associatively expands its meaning and turns it into a generalized image of the birth of the nation. In this respect, Žalgiris is a mythical image – it recreates the prototype of the very beginning, of the building of the nation, by means of contemporary art and in the context of contemporary visual culture. The work also encourages a reflective approach to the myth of national identity and the role of photography in its creation. The comparison of Gelguda’s Žalgiris and the long-lasting tradition of depicting feasts in the Lithuanian school of photography reveals the differences between the former Lithuanian humanist school of photography and contemporary photography.Rather than actualising the mythical moment of the building of the nation, the Lithuanian school of photography created a myth in the semiotic sense – it “naturalized” national identity associated with festive rituals and showed it as a given fact, which can be captured by photography but its imagery cannot be created by it. The comparison of examples of the Lithuanian school of photography and contemporary Lithuanian photography reveals a possibility to see the archetypal image of the building of the nation in the photographs of feasts and to understand how this archetypal image has been changing and playing different roles in the formation and actualization of the myth of national identity during different periods.

DOI:
10.37522/aaav.99.2020.17
ISSN:
1392-0316
Related Publications:
  • Lietuvos fotografija, 1990-2010 / Agnė Narušytė. Vilnius : "Baltų lankų" leidyba, 2011. 343 p.
  • Subkultūra : fenomenas ir modernumas : XX a. pabaigos Lietuvos subkultūrinių bendrijų tyrinėjimai / Egidija Ramanauskaitė. Kaunas : Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla, 2004. 330 p.
Permalink:
https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/93653
Updated:
2022-09-23 23:20:05
Metrics:
Views: 23    Downloads: 7
Export: