Tarmių gyvybingumo matmenys XXI a. pradžioje

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Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Tarmių gyvybingumo matmenys XXI a. pradžioje
Alternative Title:
Measurements of the vitality of dialects at the beginning of the 21st century
In the Journal:
Res humanitariae. 2019, t. 26, p. 50-59
Tarminis kalbėjimas; Etnografinis regionas; Socialinės medijos; Tarmiška kūryba.
Dialectical speaking; Ethnographic region; Social media; Dialectical creative work.
Summary / Abstract:

LTPastaraisiais dešimtmečiais tarminis kalbėjimas nustojo būti komizmo raiškos forma ir įgijo kur kas didesnį prestižą. Tiesa, dėl pasaulio globalėjimo tarmės jau nebesiejamos su aiškiai apibrėžtu arealu – jos peržengė ne tik tradicines geografines ribas, bet ir tapo kūrybos ir bendravimo socialinėse medijose priemone. Be to, visuomenėje akivaizdus polinkis atsisakyti dialektologinio ir etnografinio Lietuvos skaidymo dichotomijos ir kuo glaudžiau sutapatinti tarmes ir etnografinius regionus. Taigi atsiribojant nuo tarmės, kaip statiškos ir uždaros sistemos, suvokimo, galima daryti prielaidą, kad prisitaikiusios prie šiuolaikinės visuomenės poreikių jos turi visas galimybes gyvuoti ir vystytis. [Iš leidinio]

ENDialects, their beauty and importance, have recently been quite a fashionable topic; people have almost moved away from perceiving a dialect as a comic form of expression in literature and drama, from seeing someone who speaks in dialect as belonging to an inferior social class. This is a key development, compared to the pessimistic approach of the second half of the 20th century, grounded on the perception of a dialect as a closed-ended system. The dismissal of the possibility for the development of a dialect would highlight its demise. The direction of research has followed the change in attitudes based on values. According to methods and assumptions of geolinguistic research, dialects were seen as shifting and interacting systems. Nonetheless, dialects have departed slightly from their textbook definition in their own right as well. In the early 21st century, they can no longer be connected directly to a particular fixed area, and often function outside their ‘homeland’.Even though the transcription of speaking in dialect into the characters of the standard language is a very difficult thing to achieve, there has recently been a surge in creative work on dialects, work appearing both in traditional forms, such as bespoke books or collections of works, and on social media, in Facebook groups populated by people who can speak and regularly use dialects. Dialectical research suggests that regions of dialectical speaking that transcend the limits of traditional Lithuanian dialects are taking shape, covering the areas of several subdialects or more. These formations are called regiolects. They are becoming similar to the traditional ethnographic regions of Lithuania, in terms of their area and structure. This increasing similarity corresponds with the general public’s attitude in abandoning the dichotomy of the dialectical and ethnographic segmentation of Lithuania. Furthermore, this approach is promoted both by the industry and by popular information targeting children. And so, by merging into formations in a semblance of the ethnographic regions, by transcending their traditional geographical boundaries, and by beginning a fully fledged life on social media, dialects will be able to survive in the future. [From the publication]

1822-7708; 2538-922X
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2020-07-28 20:31:07
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