The Exceptional design of large housing estates in the Baltic countries

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Document Type:
Knygos dalis / Part of the book
Anglų kalba / English
The Exceptional design of large housing estates in the Baltic countries
Estija (Estonia); Vilnius. Vilniaus kraštas (Vilnius region); Lietuva (Lithuania); Latvija (Latvia).
Summary / Abstract:

LTReikšminiai žodžiai: Baltijos modernizmas; Baltijos šalių modernizmas; Lazdynai; Lazdynų mikrorajonas; Masinė statyba; Mikrorajonas; Vilnius; Baltic modernism; Lazdynai; Mass housing; Microrayon; Microrayon Lazdynai; Vilnius.

ENThis chapter discusses Baltic (mostly Lithuanian) mass housing estates as winners of Soviet urban planning and housing competitions; the role of the architect in the field of standardised design; and Western architectural influences in Soviet Baltic housing estate design. In the field of industrialised and standardised housing construction, the role of architects and one-off design is of special interest, because industrialisation and standardisation in Soviet mass housing brought tension between planners of standardised large housing estates and master architects who drew up unique designs for public buildings. Despite the Communist Party declaring in 1955 the importance of mass housing, the Soviet Union’s most prestigious state award—the Lenin Prize—was only ever conferred upon one model site: the Lazdynai large housing estate in Vilnius, Lithuania, in 1974. This chapter thus focuses on the involvement and experimentation of Baltic architects in the planning of standardised housing estates; on professional acknowledgment and on the fulfilment of ideological requirements. [From the publication]

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2020-09-14 17:16:43
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