Verbal prefixation and argument structure in Lithuanian

Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Knygos dalis / Part of the book
Language:
Anglų kalba / English
Title:
Verbal prefixation and argument structure in Lithuanian
Source:
Argument realization in Baltic / edited by Axel Holvoet, Nicole Nau Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2016. P. 363-402.
Keywords:
LT
Veiksmažodis; Priešdėlis
EN
Verb; Preffix; Argument
Summary / Abstract:

ENThis paper describes the possible changes affecting a verb’s argument structure when a prefix is added. The analyzed data show that most often attachment of a prefix adds a new slot to a verb’s valency, namely a peripheral adjunct becomes a core argument usually marked by the accusative. This process can be called applicativization, and prefixal derivation thus belongs to the group of valence-increasing formations. The syntactic status of the added arguments is analyzed by applying various transitivity tests. These tests show that most of the added arguments behave as direct objects and the change of the verb’s argument structure can be regarded as transitivization. However, some arguments behave as direct objects only with originally intransitive verbs but look like obligatory accusative-marked adjuncts with other verbs. The article also discusses cases where prefixation changes case marking, rearranges a verb’s arguments, or licenses syntactic alternations. [From the publication]

ISBN:
9789027259110
ISSN:
9789027267535
Related Publications:
Containment and support: similarities and variation in Lithuanian, Latvian and Estonian / Eglė Žilinskaitė-Šinkūnienė, Jurģis Šķilters, Līga Zariņa, Nora Bērziņa. Baltistica. 2019, t. 54, Nr. 2, p. 205-255.
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https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/79577
Updated:
2020-12-07 21:26:25
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