Lithuanian ankstì, artì, tolì and Baltic and Slavic Auslautgesetze

Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Anglų kalba / English
Title:
Lithuanian ankstì, artì, tolì and Baltic and Slavic Auslautgesetze
In the Journal:
Scando-slavica . 2016, vol. 62, no 2, p. 160-182
Keywords:
LT
Baltų kalbos; Slavų kalbos; Lietuvių kalba; Skiemenys; Fonologija; Morfologija
EN
Baltic; Lithuanian; Slavic; Final syllables; Phonology; Morphology
Summary / Abstract:

ENThe termination of the Lithuanian adverbs ankstì “early”, artì “near”, tolì “far” < EBl. *-ẹ̄́ has not been satisfactorily explained. In this paper it is proposed that it goes back to the Indo-European ā-stem loc. sg. *-ah2i by regular sound change: the sequence *-EHi/u was syllabified as *-EHi̯/u̯ in word-final position (just as in internal position) and gave a Balto-Slavic acute diphthong *-ā́, *-ái̯ or *-áʔi̯. In Lithuanian this is mildly supported by the ā-stem nom.-acc. du. rankì (< *-ah2-ih1) and the fossilized loc. du. pusiáu (< *-oh1u?). This account has important consequences for other issues of Balto-Slavic historical grammar: i) the double treatment of *-ai̯ in Slavic (> -ě, -i); ii) the development of the ā-stem paradigm in both branches; iii) the origin of the adverb ending Lith. lab-aĩ, OCS dobr-ě; iv) the realization of word-final (long?) acute and long circumflex diphthongs; v) the sources of East Baltic *ẹ̄. [From the publication]

ISSN:
0080-6765, 1600-082X
Permalink:
https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/79421
Updated:
2019-10-08 18:53:12
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