Šv. Kryžiaus garbei nulietas

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Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Šv. Kryžiaus garbei nulietas
Alternative Title:
Found in Honour of Saint Cross
In the Journal:
Kultūros paminklai . 2002, 9, p. 152-155
LDB Open.
Varpai; Viduklės bažnyčia; Breuteltas, Jonas
A. Bells
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnyje nagrinėjamos Žemaitijos miestelio Viduklės bažnyčioje esančio varpo, respublikinės reikšmės kultūros paminklo, techninės bei meninės ypatybės. Šis liejinys vertinamas ne tik dėl garbingo amžiaus (yra nulietas 1644 m.), bet ir todėl, kad kaip signalizatorius ir muzikos instrumentas pasižymi itin melodingu, giliu, toli nuaidinčiu balsu, o kaip dailės kūrinys išsiskiria monumentalia, išraiškinga savo forma ir antvarpį puošiančių renesanso stiliaus augalinių bei figūrinių ornamentų grožiu. Pateikiami jų piešiniai ir paties varpo fotonuotrauka. Straipsnis užbaigtas biografinėmis žiniomis apie Viduklės varpo autorių Joną Bretelį (Ioannes Breutelt), kurio dėka Vilnius pirmąkart Europoje išgarsėjo kaip žymus liejybos centras. Remiantis naujai atrastais duomenimis, koreguotos liejiko gyvenimo ir darbo Vilniuje datos. [Iš leidinio]

ENBells in the Lithuania of today are known as musical or church instruments. They have lost some of their meaning and function (announcers of danger, disasters, meetings, etc.). The bell was and remains appreciated for its attractive shape, ornaments, inscriptions, but mostly for the loudness and melody of its sound. Exceptional artistic and historical value is given to the honourable church bell in Viduklė town, included into the Register of Historical and Cultural Monuments of Lithuania. According to the inserted inscriptions, this bell was designed by J. Breutelt in 1644. Bell of Viduklė was famous and valued not merely for its durability; it is exceptional for its melodious, deep, sublime and far-carrying tone, which is due to the perfect quality of metal alloy, ideal technology and may be reasonably called a masterpiece. It is also valued as an art object. Monumental, streamlined shape reminds of a round and expressive statue, all the complementary parts of which are fitted to this shape to highlight it even more. This is evident for the prominent ridges that separate the constituent parts of the instrument and at the same time vary the profile, especially around the stylish, elegant frieze ornaments, “spinning around” the top of the bell. The article also gives information about the creator of the bell, who made Vilnius famous as one of the centres of foundry in Europe. Following the latest researches there is a version that J. Breutelt was French, but not German, as the earlier versions state that.

2018-12-17 10:59:05
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