Mobilità e formazione dei Gesuiti della Confederazione polacco-lituana : analisi statistico-prosopografica del personale dei collegi di Nieśwież e Sluck (1724-1773)

Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Italų kalba / Italian
Mobilità e formazione dei Gesuiti della Confederazione polacco-lituana: analisi statistico-prosopografica del personale dei collegi di Nieśwież e Sluck (1724-1773)
In the Journal:
Abiejų Tautų Respublika (ATR; Rzeczpospolita Obojga Narodów; Žečpospolita; Sandrauga; Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth); Didikai ir magnatai; Jėzaus draugija; Jėzuitų formacija ir mobilumas; Kolegija; Kolegijos personalas, 1724-1773 m.; Nesvyžius; Sluckas; Vietinis elitas; Švietimas.
College; College personnel, 1724-1773; Education; Formation and mobility of the Jesuits; Local elite; Nesvyžius; Nieswiez; Nobility; Sluck; Slutsk; Society of Jesus.
Summary / Abstract:

ENThe topic of this paper is the composition of the staff of the colleges in Nieśwież and Słuck in the five decades before the suppression of the Jesuit Order. The mentioned colleges belonged to the Lithuanian province of the Society of Jesus and therefore were described in the annual and triennial catalogues of this geographical unit of the Order. By focusing on the administrative issues of the management of staff, the author takes distance from the traditional approach of Polish historiography, which highlighted out mainly the cultural significance of the activity of the Jesuit Order. The first part of the article is based on the annual catalogues. The author considers the changes in the number of Jesuits working in Nieśwież and Słuck, which depended on the general political situation as well as on the role of a college within the training process of the clerics. The author then analyzes the composition of the Jesuit community from the point of view of the ratio of clerics and lay brothers. The mobility of the Jesuits was important, since it allowed turnover witliin a college. After examining these general phenomena, the author describes the tasks to which Jesuit fathers devoted themselves. The Jesuit priests in Nieśwież were employed at the courts of the local noblemen more than was the case in other colleges.The second part of the article is based on the triennial catalogues. The author describes the average age of the Jesuits working in Nieśwież and Słuck during the different stages of their religious career. The geographical origin of the fathers and brothers, their language skills as well as their education are then described. The latter issue is linked with handcraft and technical skills in the case of the brothers on the one hand, and with academic degrees in the case of priests on the other. The conclusions outline a broader future program of statistical research, covering a whole province of the Order. Such an effort might represent an important contribution to the writing of a social history of the Society of Jesus.

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2022-02-02 19:03:48
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