Dynamics of ethnic structures in the Baltic States

Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Anglų kalba / English
Dynamics of ethnic structures in the Baltic States
In the Journal:
Humanities and social sciences Latvia. 2015, vol. 23, iss. 1, p. 65-74
Reikšminiai žodžiai: Baltijos valstybės; Baltijos šalys (Baltic states); Etninė struktūra; Gyventojų mažėjimas; Gyventojų skaičiaus mažėjimas; Mažuma; Titulinė nacija; Vardinė etninė priklausomybė; Baltic States; Depopulation; Ethnic structure; Minority; Titular ethnicity.
Etninė struktūra; Gyventojai / Population; Gyventojų mažėjimas; Mažuma; Vardinė etninė priklausomybė.
Depopulation; Ethnic structure; Titular ethnicity.
Summary / Abstract:

ENThe aim of this article is to present changes in the three Baltic States (Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania) and to analyse the demographic developments of the titular ethnicities and ethnic minorities. In all censuses carried out in the Baltics, including the 2000-2001 and 2011 censuses, respondents were asked to name their ethnic identity. This gave basic information for study of ethnic composition and the characteristics of ethnic Estonians, Latvians and Lithuanians and other ethnic groups living in the Baltics. The article reports from study of ethnic developments since the regained political independence in the beginning of the 1990s and more detailed in the last decade. A sudden reversal of migration and natural reproduction processes changed the population proportion of titular ethnicities, Slavs and other minorities. In the 1990s and the beginning of this century the total number of population of ethnic Estonians, Latvians and Lithuanians has decreased; however, the proportion of titular ethnicities has increased. The Baltic States have one of the highest population loss indicators in the world. The excess of deaths over births has been since 1991, and emigration is strongly prevailing in international migration processes, particularly among minorities. However, even now minorities constitute one- fourth of the total in the Baltic population (in Latvia 38%, in the capital city Riga 54%). The age structure of minorities is relatively older than the structure of the titular ethnicities. The largest minorities by size are Russians, Poles (the greater majority of them reside in Lithuania), Belarussians and Ukrainians. [From the publication]

2020-07-28 20:31:10
Views: 4    Downloads: 2