Izteicēja funkcijā lietoti lietuviešu valodas ciešamās kārtas pagātnes un tagadnes divdabji un to atbilsme latviešu valodā

Direct Link:
Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Latvių kalba / Latvian
Title:
Izteicēja funkcijā lietoti lietuviešu valodas ciešamās kārtas pagātnes un tagadnes divdabji un to atbilsme latviešu valodā
Alternative Title:
Lithuanian present passive participle and past passive participle as predicates and correspondences in Latvian
In the Journal:
Valoda: nozīme un forma [Language: Meaning and Form]. 2016, 7, p. 104-115. Gramatika un saziņa
Notes:
Reikšminiai žodžiai: Dalyvis; Latvių kalba; Neveikiamasis būtojo laiko dalyvis; Neveikiamasis dalyvis; Neveikiamasis esamojo laiko dalyvis; Predikatas; Sintaksinis atitikmuo; Tarinys; Veikiamasis dalyvis; Active participle; Latvian language; Participle; Passive participle; Past passive participle; Predicate; Present passive participle; Syntactic correspondence.
Keywords:
LT
Dalyvis; Latvių kalba / Latvian language; Neveikiamasis būtojo laiko dalyvis; Neveikiamasis dalyvis; Neveikiamasis esamojo laiko dalyvis; Predikatas; Sintaksinis atitikmuo; Veikiamasis dalyvis; Žodžių jungimas. Sakiniai. Sakinio dalys / Word phrases. Sentences. Sentence parts; Žodžių kaityba / Inflection.
EN
Active participle; Latvian language; Participle; Predicate; Syntactic correspondence.
Summary / Abstract:

ENThe objective of this study is to establish the correspondences of the Lithuanian past passive and present passive participles as predicates in Latvian. This study is based on the Lithuanian-Latvian-Lithuanian Parallel Corpus (LiLa) Lithuanian-Latvian subcorpus of different genres (fiction, journalism, documents, etc.) that contains ~3.5 million running words. Based on the analysed data, it is proved that past passive and present passive participles as predicates in Lithuanian are used more widely than in Latvian. It was established that Lithuanian past passive and present passive participle as predicate has various correspondences in Latvian: 1) The passive voice and past passive participle as predicate (ir/tika mests). The sentences have been used in passive in both languages. Usually the corresponding Latvian predicate has been used in the same tense and mood as in Lithuanian. 2) The active voice and active verb forms as predicate (meta). The examples in Lithuanian have been used in passive, but corresponding sentences in Latvian have been used in active voice. Not all the correspondences are regular. There are some examples with the corresponding predicate in Latvian that has been used in debitive – a mood that does not exist in Lithuanian. The necessity has been expressed by other means in Lithuanian. 3) The passive present participle as predicate (ir metams). The passive present participle in Latvian usually expresses necessity (akmens ir metams) and possibility (celtne ir ieraugāma). Although it is proved that the active voice in Latvian has been used more widely than in Lithuanian, many examples in active voice in Latvian clearly have a meaning of passive voice. [From the publication]

ISBN:
9789934181740
ISSN:
2256-0602; 2255-9256
Permalink:
https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/74855
Updated:
2022-10-05 09:59:16
Metrics:
Views: 8
Export: