Litewski sejmik generalny w Słonimiu na tle sytuacji w Rzeczypospolitej przed sejmem 1685 roku

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Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Lenkų kalba / Polish
Title:
Litewski sejmik generalny w Słonimiu na tle sytuacji w Rzeczypospolitej przed sejmem 1685 roku
Alternative Title:
Lithuanian general sejmik in Słonim in the light of the situation in the Commonwealth before the 1684 Sejm
In the Journal:
Res Historica. 2015, 40, p. 97-113
Notes:
Reikšminiai žodžiai: Abiejų Tautų Respublika (ATR; Rzeczpospolita Obojga Narodów; Žečpospolita; Sandrauga; Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth); Gardinas; Generalinis seimelis; Jonas III Sobieskis; Lietuvos Didžioji Kunigaikštystė (LDK; Grand Duchy of Lithuania; GDL); Lietuvos Didžioji Kunigaikštystė (LDK; Grand Duchy of Lithuania; GDL); 17 amžius; Parlamentinė sistema; Radvilos (Radziwill; Radvila family); Sapiegos (Sapiega family); Seimas; Seimelis; Slanimas; Diet (sejm); Dietine (sejmik); Gardinas; General dietine; Jan III Sobieski; Lithuanian XVII c. history; Parliamentary system; Seimik; Sejm; Slanimas; The Great Duchy of Lithuania.
Keywords:
LT
17 amžius; Abiejų Tautų Respublika (ATR; Rzeczpospolita Obojga Narodów; Žečpospolita; Sandrauga; Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth; Lenkija ir Lietuva; Lenkijos ir Lietuvos Valstybė; Lenkijos-Lietuvos unija); Gardinas; Generalinis seimelis; Jonas III Sobieskis; Lietuvos Didžioji Kunigaikštystė (Lietuva; LDK; Grand Duchy of Lithuania; GDL); Parlamentinė sistema; Radvilos (Radziwill; Radvila family); Sapiegos (Sapiega family); Seimas; Seimelis; Slanimas.
EN
Diet (sejm); Dietine (sejmik); General dietine; Great Duchy of Lithuania; Jan III Sobieski; Lithuanian XVII c. history; Parliamentary system; Seimik; Sejm.
Summary / Abstract:

ENThe general dietine (sejmik) of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became a non-functioning body in the first half of the 17th century. That is why organizing an assembly in Słonim in 1685 by Lithuanians made a great impression all over the country. Its success was possible thanks to the combined influences of the Sapieha and the Radziwiłł families, who united against the king for a short period of time. This initiative was triggered by the decision of the king and the Senate council on moving the 1685 sejm from Grodno to Warsaw, which caused protests of Lithuanians. As a result, it was easier to stir turmoil against the policy of the court among them. The citizens of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania who gathered in Słonim sent a few representatives to the sejm in Warsaw to block the election of the marshal. At the same time the majority of the participants of the Słonim assembly went to Grodno as the rightful place of the sejm. It was only after a few weeks of negotiations that the king managed to convince Lithuanians to agree to come to Warsaw. However, they managed to accomplish their aim of demonstrating their dissatisfaction and hampered the celebration of the Vienna victory, which was supposed to strengthen the king’s authority. During the assembly a new constitution was passed, securing the sejm in Grodno. However, the events of 1685 did not have much influence on the very institution of the Lithuanian general sejmik, which continued to be a non-functioning body in the subsequent years. [From the publication]

DOI:
10.17951/rh.2015.40.2.97
ISSN:
2082-6060; 2449-8467
Related Publications:
Permalink:
https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/71331
Updated:
2022-04-21 15:24:47
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