An Historical and political view of the reserve and guard forces of the Baltic states at the beginning of the twenty-first century

Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Anglų kalba / English
Title:
An Historical and political view of the reserve and guard forces of the Baltic states at the beginning of the twenty-first century
In the Journal:
Journal of Baltic studies . 2006, vol. 37, no. 4, p. 363-387
Keywords:
LT
Teritorinė gynyba; Kolektyvinė gynyba; Baltijos valstybių karinės pajėgos; Baltijos valstybių karinis rezervas
EN
Territorial defense; Collective defense; Baltic states guard forces; Baltic states military reserve
Summary / Abstract:

LTPo Šaltojo karo įvykę pokyčiai gali būti labiausiai reikšmingi nuo Viduramžių antrosios pusės. Europos politinis ir kultūrinis veidas greitai keičiasi, Lenkijai ir kitoms Vidurio Europos šalims, įskaitant ir tris Baltijos valstybes, įsijungus į Europos Sąjungą ir NATO. Pirmą kartą nuo Karolio Didžiojo mirties daugiau kaip prieš 1000 metų, Vidurio ir Vakarų Europa turi unikalią galimybę susivienyti. Šioje situacijoje svarbus vaidmuo atitenka Jungtinių Amerikos Valstijų karinei ir ekonominei galiai. NATO yra organizacija, kuri užtikrina JAV paramą. Šalys, kurios nori, kad jas laikytų rimtomis NATO narėmis, turi turėti patikimas karines pajėgas. Straipsnyje tyrinėjamos Estijos, Latvijos ir Lietuvos karinės pajėgos nuo Šaltojo karo pabaigos iki XXI a. pradžios. [Iš leidinio]

ENThe changes that have occurred in Europe since the end of the Cold War might be the most significant since the middle of the medieval period. With Poland and other nations of Central Europe, including the three Baltic states, joining the European Union (EU) and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) the political and cultural shape of Europe is rapidly changing. For the first time since the death of Charlemagne over 1,000 years ago, all of Central and Western Europe has a genuine chance of uniting. Even though this integrated Europe will be under the flag of the EU, the key that is making this possible is the military and economic power of the United States. The organization that brings the protective umbrella of the US is NATO. For nations to be taken seriously as members of NATO, they must have credible military forces. For all countries this includes the reserve and guard forces, but for small countries with conservative budgets the reserve and Home/National Guard become the most important forces. Since the Baltic states are three small countries building their militaries from zero since the end of the Cold War, the importance of the reserve and guard cannot be overemphasized. This article examines the reserve and Guard forces of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania from the end of the Cold War to the beginning of the twenty–first century. [From the publication]

ISSN:
0162-9778, 1751-7877
Permalink:
https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/7000
Updated:
2020-07-21 19:06:12
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