Didelio meistriškumo įvairių sporto šakų sportininkų fizinio išsivystymo, fizinio ir funkcinio pajėgumo adaptaciniai ypatumai

Direct Link:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Didelio meistriškumo įvairių sporto šakų sportininkų fizinio išsivystymo, fizinio ir funkcinio pajėgumo adaptaciniai ypatumai
Alternative Title:
Adaptive qualities of physical development, physical and functional power exhibited by high performance athletes practising different sports
In the Journal:
Sporto mokslas [Sports science]. 2006, Nr. 3 (45), p. 60-66
Reikšminiai žodžiai: Didelio meistriškumo sportininkai; Fizinis ir funkcinis pajėgumas; Fizinis išsivystymas; Fizinis parengtumas; Funkcinis pajėgumas; Sportininkai; High performance athletes; Physical and functional power; Physical development; World-class athletes.
Fizinis ugdymas / Physical education; Sportas / Sport.
Summary / Abstract:

ENSpecific qualities of competitive performance observed in different sports demand that athletes demonstrate definite special characteristics. Training and competitive performance provokes different adaptive changes within athletesÿ organisms. There are some sports giving preference to tall athletes. However in the greater part of sports, remarkable results may be achieved also by medium-height or even short athletes. To compare the specific influence produced by separate sports on athletesÿ organisms, it would be necessary to choose study groups involving athletes similar in terms of height characteristics. Study purpose was to examine specific characteristics of physical development, physical skills, and definite functions demonstrated by high performance athletes, very similar in their body height yet very different in terms of performed sport activity; and to carry out a corresponding comparative analysis. Our study involved 48 high performance athletes practising different sports. All of them were either member candidates or full members of Lithuanian Olympic Team: kayakers and canoeists (k/c) (n=12); skiers and biathlonists (n=12); cyclists (n=12); and master team football players (n=12). ). There was determined that body height and most other indices of physical development and capacity demonstrated by Lithuanian high performance athletes practising different sports differ slightly. It was only kayakers and canoeists who surpassed others in their body built and muscle power which allowed them to get among the leading athletes of the world. It was found that athletesÿ muscle mass was closely related to SMCP, AAMP, and high jump indices. Development of the mass of special muscles is one of the vital factors for the improvement of muscle power at short work.The study revealed problems existing in the area of selection and training of Lithuanian high performance athletes. This information may help elaborate further training of athletes. Data obtained from the examination of kayakers and canoeists may facilitate the process of drawing up model characteristics of physical development and capacity demonstrated by representatives of this particular sport. Aerobic capacity indices shown by groups under study varied greatly. It were the cyclists who demonstrated the highest values of oxygen consumption. In this respect cyclists surpassed not only skiers and biathlonists also engaged in the development of aerobic capacity but also athletes from other study groups. [From the publication]

2424-3949; 1392-1401
2022-11-07 15:45:08
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