Jūros šventė tarpukariu - kaip jūrinės kultūros ir politikos diegimo forma : skirta didžiausio Lietuvoje marinistinio renginio 90-mečiui (1925-2015)

Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Jūros šventė tarpukariu - kaip jūrinės kultūros ir politikos diegimo forma: skirta didžiausio Lietuvoje marinistinio renginio 90-mečiui (1925-2015)
Alternative Title:
Sea festival during the inter-war period - as the form of entrenching maritime culture and policy: dedicated to the 90th anniversary of the major marine event in Lithuania (1925-2015)
In the Journal:
Po muziejaus burėmis. 2015, t. 4, p. 22-45
Reikšminiai žodžiai: Baltijos jūra; Jūros šventė; Klaipėda; Lietuvių jūros draugija; Lietuvos jūros draugija; Palanga; Tarpukaris; Šventoji; Baltic sea; Inter-war period; Klaipėda; Lithuanian Maritime Society; Palanga; Sea Festival; Šventoji.
Baltijos jūra; Draugijos. Organizacijos / Societies. Organisations; Šventės. Atmintinos dienos / Festivals. Holy days; Klaipėda; Palanga; Šventoji.
Baltic sea; Inter-war period; Lithuanian Maritime Society; Sea Festival.
Summary / Abstract:

ENWithin the context of other Lithuanian festivals and events, the Sea Festival is notable for its theme and contents. Viewed from a historical perspective, the Sea Festival - a long-term event of public life - is noticed to contain encoded cultural (identity), political (ideology) and economic aspects. The Sea Festival demonstrates the relationship of Lithuania (the Lithuanian nation) with sea and maritime culture (especially during the inter-war period and after restoration of independence), exploitation of a marine aspect for the purpose of ideology (during the inter-war and Soviet periods) and development of the entertainment and service industry (especially after 1990). Fishermen's and sailors festivals held at the beginning of the 20th century, ensured a symbolic framework followed by the organisers of the first ideological-state Sea Festivals during the inter-war period. In the summer of 1925, the Lithuanian Maritime Society held the first Sea Day in Palanga. It aimed to familiarise Lithuanians, living or spending summer on the seaside, with the sea and its benefits for the state. But the Sea Day held in Klaipėda in 1934 was met with a better response.However, it was driven by evident goals of national propaganda - to strengthen the position of the Lithuanian culture in Klaipėda region with respect to the Germans and to establish a new (i.e. maritime) policy in foreign trade. The mass character and solemnity of the event, which was organised from Kaunas (principal organisers being the Klaipėda Union of the Lithuanian Cultural Cooperation and Vilnius Liberation Union) did not equal other „maritime celebrations“ in Lithuania during the inter-war period. The Academic Sea Day in Klaipėda (in 1936), closing events of Sea Week in Šventoji and Palanga (in 1939) and the Sea Ball in Vilnius (in 1940) propagated the ideological resolution to be and to remain a sea state with its own port, navy and merchant and fishing fleets. The reality of the period (geopolitical environment) disturbed the dissemination of maritime culture and economy in Lithuania. This is testified by non-realised expectations of the representatives of national ideology to arrange annual massive maritime propaganda festivals at the seaside (since 1934). [From the publication]

2020-04-18 07:25:57
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