Liaudies skulptūros drožimas, pažeidimai ir konservavimo ypatumai

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Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Liaudies skulptūros drožimas, pažeidimai ir konservavimo ypatumai
Alternative Title:
Folk wooden sculpture: carving, damage and the peculiarity of conservation
In the Journal:
Lietuvos dailės muziejaus metraštis [LDM metraštis]. 2008, t. 11, p. 127-142
Apsauga ir restauravimas / Preservation and restoration; Liaudies menas / Folk art.
Summary / Abstract:

LTReikšminiai žodžiai: Drožimas; Konservavimo ypatumai; Liaudies medinė skulptūra; Medinė liaudies skulptūra; Pažeidimai; Restauravimas; Carving; Damage; Folk Wooden Sculpture; Lithuania; Peculiarity of Conservation; Restoration.

ENFolk wooden sculpture is one of the most common branches of the Lithuanian folk art, however, we have almost no records of its origin, old masters nor works. The particularity of conserving folk art sculptures is determined by the nature of wood decaying. The majority of works that have been kept outdoors are damaged by various atmospheric factors. Thus, a unanimous decision was made to conserve all the showpieces of the Museum’s collection. The decayed, broken or lost parts of wooden sculptures are not restored even if there is enough iconographic material necessary to reconstruct the showpiece, because of the difficulty to match fresh carvings with the original fretworks, that have been damaged by moisture. After cleansing and consolidating the wood and carving, deeper holes are filled with polymer (used for consolidating) and wood flour to prevent collection of dust. The loosened or lost details are tightened with wooden pegs. Polychromy - often just the remains of it - is consolidated with water-based glue. Small open areas of white undercoat, which is revealed when colours crumble away, are retouched with watercolour. The conserved sculpture is covered with preservative layer. Variations of the environmental factors, such as moisture and temperature, are one of the main causes of fragmentation and deformation of wood, crumbling away of the undercoat and polychromy. Although the conserved sculptures are relatively safe from changes of the environment, however great attention must be paid to the microclimate of the depositories and exhibition halls. [From the publication]

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2020-03-17 20:41:45
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