Apie baroko laikotarpio vargondirbystę Lietuvoje : instrumentas ir prospektas

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Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Title:
Apie baroko laikotarpio vargondirbystę Lietuvoje: instrumentas ir prospektas
Alternative Title:
On organ building in Lithuania in the Baroque period: instrument and facade
In the Journal:
Menotyra. 2017, t. 24, Nr. 3, p. 167-189
Keywords:
LT
Vilnius. Vilniaus kraštas (Vilnius region); Lietuva (Lithuania); Jėzuitai / Jesuits.
Summary / Abstract:

LTPastarąjį dešimtmetį pasirodė nemažai publikacijų apie baroko laikotarpio vargondirbystę Lietuvoje. Susidaro įspūdis, kad jose kartais pernelyg paprastai sprendžiami vargonų autorystės, savitumo, kiti klausimai. Tai paskatino išsamiau patyrinėti to meto amatininkų santykius, cechų sistemą, amatininkų išsimokslinimą, kai kurias teisines, gamybines, transporto sąlygas ir kitus panašius praktinius dalykus, turėjusius įtakos vargondirbystės meno ypatumams to meto Lietuvoje. Aptariama ir pati vargondirbystės – instrumento ir spintos su prospektu – sąvoka. Naudoti archyvinių dokumentų ir literatūros analizė, istorinis, aprašomasis, retrospektyvinis metodai. [Iš leidinio]

ENIn the beginning, the term “organ building” is clarified. One can find many sources which claim that the questions connected with the instrument and the organ case with the facade sometimes were solved separately. The majority of available sources say that this was the work of craftsmen of different specialties. Their relationships were rather strictly regulated by the system of workshop rules and privileges. Organ building in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania was strongly connected with the neighbouring Prussia and Kurland. In the 18th century, the most important organ building centre of the lands on the eastern shore of the Baltic Sea was Königsberg. The most influential masters worked there, and from there the most well-known organ builders of that time settled to work in Lithuania. In the 18th century’s Lithuania, the work of the Jesuits was very influential. A lot of young peo¬ple became educated in the Vilnius Jesuit novitiate and academy. Craftsmanship was also taught there. At the Vilnius Jesuit novitiate there were many students of German origin who continued to work in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and Prussia. The capenters trained in the novitiate of Vilnius later worked installing churches in the entire Grand Duchy. They also made organ cases. No names of Jesuit organ builders have survived.Transportation possibilities had a significant importance on the spreading of the pipe organ. Towns situated near water ways were at the convenient situation, they could acquire instruments from afar. There is no agreement about who was the author of organ facade – the organ builder or the car¬penter with the carver who made the case. It seems likely that usual structures and templates prevailed and organ builders mainly created the instruments into the cases made by others. Small one-manual instruments were prevalent in Lithuania, their interiors as well as the specification were very similar to the organs of the same size in neighbouring countries. The Lithuanian style facade layout was usual in a wide area. [From the publication]

DOI:
10.6001/menotyra.v24i3.3544
ISSN:
1392-1002; 2424-4708
Related Publications:
Vargondirbystė Lietuvoje XIX amžiuje / Rimantas Gučas. Menotyra. 2019, t. 26, Nr. 3, p. 144-160.
Permalink:
https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/67761
Updated:
2018-12-17 14:15:24
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