Vienašališko sutarties nutraukimo pagrindai, tvarka bei pasekmės Lietuvos Respublikos civilinėje teisėje

Collection:
Sklaidos publikacijos / Dissemination publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Title:
Vienašališko sutarties nutraukimo pagrindai, tvarka bei pasekmės Lietuvos Respublikos civilinėje teisėje
Alternative Title:
Undo of treaty institution in law system of Lithuanian Republic
In the Journal:
Teisės problemos. 2006, Nr. 2 (52), p. 25-41
Keywords:
LT
Civilinė teisė; Nutraukimas; Sutartis; Sutarčių nutraukimas; Sutarčių teisė; Teisinės pasekmės; Vienašališkas nutraukimas; Žala; Atlyginimas.
EN
Civil law; Claim of damages; Contact law; Contract; Legal consequences; Termination; Termination of contract; Unilateral termination.
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnio tikslą sąlygojo pasirinktos temos aktualumas teisininkams profesionalams bei civilinių teisinių santykių dalyviams. Straipsnyje analizuojami sutarties nutraukimo teisiniai pagrindai, sutarties nutraukimo tvarka, sutarties nutraukimo momentas ir sutarties nutraukimo teisiniai padariniai. Darbo tikslas- teismų praktikos analize aktualiais sutarčių nutraukimo klausimais bei teorinesutarčių nutraukimo institutą reglamentuojančių normų analizė. Tuo tikslu straipsnyje taikomi sisteminis, lyginamasis, loginis bei kiti metodai. [Iš leidinio]If the non-breaching party has performed under the contract and given the breaching party any benefit under the contract, the non-breaching party may cancel the contract and sue for restitution. Restitution will put the non-breaching party back in the position he or she was in prior to the breach, and cancellation of the contract will void the contract and relieve all parties of any further obligations under the contract. The essence of restitution is to restore the aggrieved party's condition to its original position before the harm suffered (status quo). No more and no less. The adequate restitution first of all expresses the underlying principle of equality- that all members of society have equal rights to protect themselves from wrongdoings, but nowadays individual faces some problems with the implementation of it. One problem is quite big expenses of seeking restitution by assize. Not all social groups can afford it. Other aspect - some people doubt, is the recovered status quo sufficient compensation to the damage. [Iš leidinio]

ENSection XVIII of the Book 6 of the Civil Code regulates grounds and order of termination of contracts and following the principles of international commercial contracts prepared by UNIDROIT on 1994, introduces a term "funda-mental breach of a contract", a concept that is new in the Lithuanian civil system. Breach of contract leaves the nonperforminga or improperly performing party open to a claim for damages by the other party. The non-breaching party is relieved of his obligations under the contract by the other party's breach. The aggrieved party, to help support his claim for breach, should have done all the things required of him under the contract up until the time of breach, and must have done nothing to make it impossible or unreasonably difficult for the other party to perform his share. The nonperforming party can be expected to make excuses for his conduct, and he will try to find ways to blame the other party—an excellent argument for performing one's own side of a contract punctiliously and in a manner that leaves a record which others can see. Law on obligations and one of its main institutes, law on contracts, have not avoided material changes as well. Practical importance of law on contracts is undisputed in the contemporary market economy. Therefore, it's very relevant that the novels of law on contracts, which are established in the Civil Code, were understood and interpreted correctly.To guarantee justice, it is the duty of the court to guarantee not only verbal explanation of the contracts but explanation according to actual intentions on the parties; moreover it is important to consider the essence and aim of the contracts well as the circumstances of its making and the parties' behavior after contracting. Contract explanation is a complicated process in the legal system. The problem appears when we talk about the damages of the breaching party as about one of the possible criteria while terminating a contract. When dealing with the case about the terminating of the contract, evaluating the circumstances and interpreting the contract, the court evaluates the damages of the innocent party in order to determine the breach also. Under certain circumstances the court considers the damages (the amount of it, to be more precise) of the party that breached the contract either. Both in Lithuanian and in the common law countries, the damages of the beaching party is among the criteria that the court has to consider when making a decision to terminate the contract. If the non-breaching party has performed under the contract and given the breaching party any benefit under the contract, the non-breaching party may cancel the contract and sue for restitution. Restitution will put the non-breaching party back in the position he or she was in prior to the breach, and cancellation of the contract will void the contract and relieve all parties of any further obligations under the contract.

ISSN:
1392-1592; 2351-6364
Subject:
Permalink:
https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/39523
Updated:
2022-01-02 10:30:46
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