Turtinė parama išlaikymo reikalingiems vyresnio amžiaus žmonėms: civilinės teisės perspektyva

Collection:
Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Language:
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Title:
Turtinė parama išlaikymo reikalingiems vyresnio amžiaus žmonėms: civilinės teisės perspektyva
Alternative Title:
Maintenance of the aged: a civil law perspective
In the Journal:
Teisės problemos. 2012, Nr. 1 (75), p. 98-126
Keywords:
LT
Civilinė teisė; Išlaikymas; Išlaikymo pareiga; Parama; Partnerystė; Turtinė parama; Vaikų pareiga išlaikyti tėvus; Vyresnio amžiaus žmonės; Šeimos teisė.
EN
Aged people; Civil law; Duty of children to maintain their parents; Family law; Maintenance; Partneship; Support.
Summary / Abstract:

LTSprendžiant problemas, su kuriomis susiduria vyresnio amžiaus žmonės, svarbią vietą užima kitų šeimos narių teikiama turtinė parama. Nors ši parama dažniausiai teikiama savanoriškai, tačiau civilinė teisė nustato ir tam tikrus privalomus reikalavimus, užtikrinančius paramos teikimą. Straipsnyje nagrinėjamos pagrindinės teisinės nuostatos, nustatančios, pirma, vyresnio amžiaus žmonių teisę gauti išlaikymą iš kitų šeimos narių, antra, vyresnio amžiaus žmonių interesų apsaugą mirus jų šeimos nariui. Taip pat skiriamas dėmesys sugyventinių galimybėms pasinaudoti nagrinėjamomis nuostatomis. [Iš leidinio]

ENIn Lithuania, as well as in many other developed and developing countries, population is graying thus making the question of aged peoples' maintenance especially acute. Besides maintenance provided by the means of public law, such as various social insurance schemes, civil law also addresses this issue. The article explores two civil law's institutes which could provide aged persons with the financial help. First of them is a duty to maintain family members. In Lithuanian Civil Code one can identify three particular maintenance duties which could be used by the aged: between spouses, between adult children and their parents, between adult grandchildren and their grandparents. The article deals with each of these cases separately, identifying criterions according to which necessity and extent of maintenance is established. The analysis shows that the most efficient is the maintenance provided by spouse or former spouse. At the same time the requirement of disability or retirement age which is established with regard to parents and grandparents is unnecessary and arguably unconstitutional. Also attention is paid to the problem of cohabitants which is left outside the maintenance duty.Second part of the article analyses guaranties for the aged persons provided for in succession law. In case of intestate succession aged spouses are granted strong position as they share inheritance with children of the deceased or, in the absence of children, with grandchildren and parents of the deceased. Again cohabitants are excluded from the intestate succession. Parents and grandparents of the deceased are in a somehow weaker position, because children and grandchildren of the deceased have a priority to inherit. In case of testamentary succession the rules establishing mandatory succession protects aged parents, spouses and children of the deceased if the need for maintenance is proved. Again cohabitants cannot benefit from these rules. [text from author]

ISSN:
1392-1592; 2351-6364
Subject:
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https://www.lituanistika.lt/content/36237
Updated:
2019-01-18 23:26:05
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