Krikščioniškoji demokratija pokomunistinėje Lietuvoje

Mokslo publikacijos / Scientific publications
Document Type:
Straipsnis / Article
Lietuvių kalba / Lithuanian
Krikščioniškoji demokratija pokomunistinėje Lietuvoje
Alternative Title:
Christian democracy in post-communistic Lithuania
In the Journal:
Reikšminiai žodžiai: Krikščioniška demokratija; Lietuvos krikščionių demokratų partija. Krikščionių demokratų sąjunga; Modernieji krikščionys demokrata, Lietuvos parlamentaskrikščioniškoji demokratija; Polikos mokslai; Politinė partija; Postkomunizmas; Christian Democratic Party of Lithuania, christian democratic union; Christian democracy; Lithuania; Modern christian democrats, Lithuania Parlament; Political party; Political sciences; Post-communism.
Polikos mokslai; Politinė ideologija / Political ideology; Politinės partijos / Political parties.
Summary / Abstract:

LTStraipsnyje nagrinėjama Lietuvos krikščioniškųjų partijų raida po nepriklausomybės atkūrimo. Pagal atliktą interviu su Seimo nariais, Lietuvos krikščionių demokratų partijos pirmininku ir politikos mokslų dėstytojais bandoma aptarti pagrindines krikščioniškosios demokratijos problemų priežastis. Straipsnio pabaigoje pateikiamos galimos krikščioniškosios pakraipos partijų ateities perspektyvos. [Iš leidinio]

ENWe can name three Christian democratic ideology parties on Lithuania political scene: Christian Democratic Party of Lithuania, Christian Democrats Union and Modern Christian Democrats. Modern Christian Democrats seceded from the matrix (parent) party of Lithuanian Christian Democrats in 2000. Analyzing the Christian democracy process in post-communistic Lithuania it is important to state that it is one of the trends under a tradition which is difficult to assign to right or left economic frames. The Christian Democrats parties were named leftist because they contradicted the liberals and they aspired to limit the economic capital influence on politics in the XXth century. After few decades the main opponents of the right parties were socialists and the policy contemptuous human rights. The experience of politic democracy accumulated in the period of Lithuania between the two wars was a relevant factor in formation of the contemporary system of political parties. In 1989 restored the Party of Lithuanian Christian Democrats became unambiguous reforms orientated and was classified as a right party. Experience of democracy of the party in war Lithuania was also a meaningful factor which formed the modernist party system. The Christian Democrats Party of Lithuania (Lietuvos krikščionių demokratų partija, LKDP) - 16 seats - was founded in 1905 and re-established in 1989 likewise the Homeland Union the Christian democrats are right of centre.Prior to the 1996 elections the party had agreed to form a coalition with the conservatives (even though it stands closer to the social democrats of the LSDP regarding economic issues). Sometime in 1994 the Christian democrats were very popular - exactly when the Homeland Union became more radical. Lithuanian Christian democracy can be proud of its past experience and its successful activity after re-establishing the independence. In 1990 Lithuanian Christian Democrats Party became a re-established dominant political party. Looking back from a history perspective, Lithuanian Christian Democrats Party is one of the political parties in the XXth century in Lithuanian history which was elected into all Lithuanian Parliaments, except unsuccessful, knockdown election in 2000 when the party did not manage to overpass 5% electoral barrier. In 2000 Parliamentary elections showed that the system of the party, formed a decade ago (1990-2000 years), varies dynamically but instead of stability in its development appear the signs of instability which can be seen as relevant political fragmentation. If we want Christian Democracy to play a part in political life it is important to not only have good ideas but also to present them properly to the society. This political party represents not only people interests which emphasize consolidation of the middle class of society but also diminish social differentiation. The basis of Lithuanian Christian democracy is clear and universally accepted but today Christian democrats are rending many contradictions in which their position has not been established yet. [text from author]

Related Publications:
Lietuvos politinė sistema : sąranga ir raida / sudarytojai Algis Krupavičius, Alvidas Lukošaitis. Kaunas : Poligrafija ir informatika, 2004. 558 p.
2021-03-12 15:09:11
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